Fresh fish is a highly perishable product and is easily spoiled by microbiological activity and chemical oxidation of lipids. However, microbial spoilage is the main factor linked with the rapid fish sensorial degradation due to the action of specific spoilage organisms (SSOs) that have the ability to dominate over other microorganisms and produce metabolites responsible for off-flavours. We explored the microbial dynamics in fresh anchovies stored in different packaging (air, modified atmosphere, under vacuum) and temperatures (0, 4 and 10 °C) using shotgun metagenomics, highlighting the selection of different microbial species according to the packaging type. Indeed, Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens, Psychrobacter cryohalolentis and Ps. immobilis, Pseudomonas deceptionensis and Vibrio splendidus have been identified as the main SSOs in aerobically stored anchovies, while Shewanella baltica, Photobacterium iliopiscarium, Ps. cryohalolentis and Ps. immobilis prevailed in VP and MAP. In addition, we identified the presence of spoilage-associated genes, leading to the potential production of biogenic amines and different off-flavors (H2S, TMA). In particular, the abundance of microbial genes leading to BA biosynthesis increased at higher storage temperature, while those related to H2S and TMA production were enriched in aerobically and VP packed anchovies, suggesting that MAP could be an effective strategy in delaying the production of these compounds. Finally, we provided evidence of the presence of a wide range of antibiotic resistance genes conferring resistance to different classes of antibiotic (β-lactams, tetracyclines, polymyxins, trimethoprims and phenicols) and highlighted that storage at higher temperature (4 and 10 °C) boosted the abundance of ARG-carrying taxa, especially in aerobically and MAP packed fish.

Microbiome dynamics, antibiotic resistance gene patterns and spoilage-associated genomic potential in fresh anchovies stored in different conditions / Sequino, Giuseppina; Valentino, Vincenzo; Esposito, Alessia; Volpe, Stefania; Torrieri, Elena; De Filippis, Francesca; Ercolini, Danilo. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 175:(2024), p. 113788. [10.1016/j.foodres.2023.113788]

Microbiome dynamics, antibiotic resistance gene patterns and spoilage-associated genomic potential in fresh anchovies stored in different conditions

Sequino, Giuseppina;Valentino, Vincenzo;Esposito, Alessia;Volpe, Stefania;Torrieri, Elena;De Filippis, Francesca
;
Ercolini, Danilo
2024

Abstract

Fresh fish is a highly perishable product and is easily spoiled by microbiological activity and chemical oxidation of lipids. However, microbial spoilage is the main factor linked with the rapid fish sensorial degradation due to the action of specific spoilage organisms (SSOs) that have the ability to dominate over other microorganisms and produce metabolites responsible for off-flavours. We explored the microbial dynamics in fresh anchovies stored in different packaging (air, modified atmosphere, under vacuum) and temperatures (0, 4 and 10 °C) using shotgun metagenomics, highlighting the selection of different microbial species according to the packaging type. Indeed, Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens, Psychrobacter cryohalolentis and Ps. immobilis, Pseudomonas deceptionensis and Vibrio splendidus have been identified as the main SSOs in aerobically stored anchovies, while Shewanella baltica, Photobacterium iliopiscarium, Ps. cryohalolentis and Ps. immobilis prevailed in VP and MAP. In addition, we identified the presence of spoilage-associated genes, leading to the potential production of biogenic amines and different off-flavors (H2S, TMA). In particular, the abundance of microbial genes leading to BA biosynthesis increased at higher storage temperature, while those related to H2S and TMA production were enriched in aerobically and VP packed anchovies, suggesting that MAP could be an effective strategy in delaying the production of these compounds. Finally, we provided evidence of the presence of a wide range of antibiotic resistance genes conferring resistance to different classes of antibiotic (β-lactams, tetracyclines, polymyxins, trimethoprims and phenicols) and highlighted that storage at higher temperature (4 and 10 °C) boosted the abundance of ARG-carrying taxa, especially in aerobically and MAP packed fish.
2024
Microbiome dynamics, antibiotic resistance gene patterns and spoilage-associated genomic potential in fresh anchovies stored in different conditions / Sequino, Giuseppina; Valentino, Vincenzo; Esposito, Alessia; Volpe, Stefania; Torrieri, Elena; De Filippis, Francesca; Ercolini, Danilo. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 175:(2024), p. 113788. [10.1016/j.foodres.2023.113788]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/947523
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