In Italy, most of the cultivated walnuts belong to the Sorrento ecotype, and they are considered commercially valuable due to their specific organoleptic characteristics. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the morphological and compositional characteristics of walnuts sampled from ‘Sorrento’ trees cultivated in different locations in Campania and trees of both the ‘Chandler’ and ‘Sorrento’ varieties derived from the same location. The results demonstrated that ‘Sorrento’ and ‘Chandler’ walnuts have different biometric characteristics and a different fat content, with the highest fat content being found in the ‘Sorrento’ variety. Regarding the fatty acid (FA) composition, the content of monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids (MUFAs and SFAs) was highest in the ‘Sorrento’ variety (from 13 to 15% for MUFAs and from 11 to 13% for SFAs), while the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) content was highest in the ‘Chandler’ variety (77%). The total phenolics content (TPC) was highest in the ‘Sorrento’ variety (from 910 to 1230 mg GAE/100 g), while no difference in γ-tocopherol content was found. Furthermore, the influence of walnut area cultivation was shown for fat content, FA composition and TPC. Therefore, both walnut varieties demonstrated good nutritional properties considering the PUFAs and γ-tocopherol content

Compositional and Morphological Characterization of ‘Sorrento’ and ‘Chandler’ Walnuts / Romano, R.; De Luca, L.; Vanacore, M.; Genovese, A.; Cirillo, C.; Aiello, A.; Sacchi, R.. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 11:6(2022), p. 761. [10.3390/foods11050761]

Compositional and Morphological Characterization of ‘Sorrento’ and ‘Chandler’ Walnuts

R. Romano
Primo
;
L. De Luca
Secondo
;
A. Genovese;C. Cirillo;A. Aiello;R. Sacchi
2022

Abstract

In Italy, most of the cultivated walnuts belong to the Sorrento ecotype, and they are considered commercially valuable due to their specific organoleptic characteristics. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the morphological and compositional characteristics of walnuts sampled from ‘Sorrento’ trees cultivated in different locations in Campania and trees of both the ‘Chandler’ and ‘Sorrento’ varieties derived from the same location. The results demonstrated that ‘Sorrento’ and ‘Chandler’ walnuts have different biometric characteristics and a different fat content, with the highest fat content being found in the ‘Sorrento’ variety. Regarding the fatty acid (FA) composition, the content of monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids (MUFAs and SFAs) was highest in the ‘Sorrento’ variety (from 13 to 15% for MUFAs and from 11 to 13% for SFAs), while the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) content was highest in the ‘Chandler’ variety (77%). The total phenolics content (TPC) was highest in the ‘Sorrento’ variety (from 910 to 1230 mg GAE/100 g), while no difference in γ-tocopherol content was found. Furthermore, the influence of walnut area cultivation was shown for fat content, FA composition and TPC. Therefore, both walnut varieties demonstrated good nutritional properties considering the PUFAs and γ-tocopherol content
2022
Compositional and Morphological Characterization of ‘Sorrento’ and ‘Chandler’ Walnuts / Romano, R.; De Luca, L.; Vanacore, M.; Genovese, A.; Cirillo, C.; Aiello, A.; Sacchi, R.. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 11:6(2022), p. 761. [10.3390/foods11050761]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/882339
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