The microbiome of surfaces along the beef processing chain represents a critical nexus where microbial ecosystems play a pivotal role in meat quality and safety of end products. This study offers a comprehensive analysis of the microbiome along beef processing using whole metagenomics with a particular focus on antimicrobial resistance and virulence-associated genes distribution. Our findings highlighted that microbial communities change dynamically in the different steps along beef processing chain, influenced by the specific conditions of each micro-environment. Brochothrix thermosphacta, Carnobacterium maltaromaticum, Pseudomonas fragi, Psychrobacter cryohalolentis and Psychrobacter immobilis were identified as the key species that characterize beef processing environments. Carcass samples and slaughterhouse surfaces exhibited a high abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), mainly belonging to aminoglycosides, β-lactams, amphenicols, sulfonamides and tetracyclines antibiotic classes, also localized on mobile elements, suggesting the possibility to be transmitted to human pathogens. We also evaluated how the initial microbial contamination of raw beef changes in response to storage conditions, showing different species prevailing according to the type of packaging employed. We identified several genes leading to the production of spoilage-associated compounds, and highlighted the different genomic potential selected by the storage conditions. Our results suggested that surfaces in beef processing environments represent a hotspot for beef contamination and evidenced that mapping the resident microbiome in these environments may help in reducing meat microbial contamination, increasing shelf-life, and finally contributing to food waste restraint.

Microbiome mapping in beef processing reveals safety-relevant variations in microbial diversity and genomic features / Sequino, Giuseppina; Cobo-Diaz, José F.; Valentino, Vincenzo; Tassou, Chrysoula; Volpe, Stefania; Torrieri, Elena; Nychas, George-John; Álvarez Ordóñez, Avelino; Ercolini, Danilo; De Filippis, Francesca. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 186:(2024), p. 114318. [10.1016/j.foodres.2024.114318]

Microbiome mapping in beef processing reveals safety-relevant variations in microbial diversity and genomic features

Sequino, Giuseppina;Valentino, Vincenzo;Volpe, Stefania;Torrieri, Elena;Ercolini, Danilo;De Filippis, Francesca
2024

Abstract

The microbiome of surfaces along the beef processing chain represents a critical nexus where microbial ecosystems play a pivotal role in meat quality and safety of end products. This study offers a comprehensive analysis of the microbiome along beef processing using whole metagenomics with a particular focus on antimicrobial resistance and virulence-associated genes distribution. Our findings highlighted that microbial communities change dynamically in the different steps along beef processing chain, influenced by the specific conditions of each micro-environment. Brochothrix thermosphacta, Carnobacterium maltaromaticum, Pseudomonas fragi, Psychrobacter cryohalolentis and Psychrobacter immobilis were identified as the key species that characterize beef processing environments. Carcass samples and slaughterhouse surfaces exhibited a high abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), mainly belonging to aminoglycosides, β-lactams, amphenicols, sulfonamides and tetracyclines antibiotic classes, also localized on mobile elements, suggesting the possibility to be transmitted to human pathogens. We also evaluated how the initial microbial contamination of raw beef changes in response to storage conditions, showing different species prevailing according to the type of packaging employed. We identified several genes leading to the production of spoilage-associated compounds, and highlighted the different genomic potential selected by the storage conditions. Our results suggested that surfaces in beef processing environments represent a hotspot for beef contamination and evidenced that mapping the resident microbiome in these environments may help in reducing meat microbial contamination, increasing shelf-life, and finally contributing to food waste restraint.
2024
Microbiome mapping in beef processing reveals safety-relevant variations in microbial diversity and genomic features / Sequino, Giuseppina; Cobo-Diaz, José F.; Valentino, Vincenzo; Tassou, Chrysoula; Volpe, Stefania; Torrieri, Elena; Nychas, George-John; Álvarez Ordóñez, Avelino; Ercolini, Danilo; De Filippis, Francesca. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - 186:(2024), p. 114318. [10.1016/j.foodres.2024.114318]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/958686
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