“Grottone” is a pasta filata hard cheese produced in Campania region from cow’s milk and characterized by holes formation due to CO2 development by Propionic Acid Bacteria. The contamination of raw milk with butyric acid-producing spore-forming clostridia represent a major concern for cheese producers since clostridia outgrowth may lead to the cheese late blowing defect during ripening. Detection of clostridial endospores in milk before processing and the use of antimicrobial compounds may represent an important control strategy. The present study is aimed to point out the most suitable procedure for the determination of clostridial spores in dairy samples, and to assess the inhibitory activity of several antimicrobial compounds against Cl. sporo- genes. Based on results, MPN counts on Bryant and Burkey medium and CFU on RCM proved to be the most suitable proto- cols for routine testing. By using these pro- cedures clostridial spores were detected in 10 out 13 milk samples and in all cheeses with late blowing defect. Within antimicro- bial compounds, sodium nitrate is still the best choice for preventing late blowing, nevertheless a protective culture of Lacticaseibacillus casei proved to be a promising alternative. Nevertheless, the use of this protective culture in six Grottone cheese productions carried out at farm level, led to unsatisfactory results. Holes’ devel- opment was hampered likely for an inhibi- tion of the PAB starter and the expected ‘Grouviera-type’ taste was not perceived by panellists. Based on results, the use of pro- tective cultures needs to be contextualized and interactions with starters needs to be evaluated case by case.

Late blowing defect in Grottone cheese: detection of clostridia and control strategies

Maria Francesca Peruzy;Giuseppe Blaiotta;Maria Aponte
;
Maria De Sena;Nicoletta Murru
2022

Abstract

“Grottone” is a pasta filata hard cheese produced in Campania region from cow’s milk and characterized by holes formation due to CO2 development by Propionic Acid Bacteria. The contamination of raw milk with butyric acid-producing spore-forming clostridia represent a major concern for cheese producers since clostridia outgrowth may lead to the cheese late blowing defect during ripening. Detection of clostridial endospores in milk before processing and the use of antimicrobial compounds may represent an important control strategy. The present study is aimed to point out the most suitable procedure for the determination of clostridial spores in dairy samples, and to assess the inhibitory activity of several antimicrobial compounds against Cl. sporo- genes. Based on results, MPN counts on Bryant and Burkey medium and CFU on RCM proved to be the most suitable proto- cols for routine testing. By using these pro- cedures clostridial spores were detected in 10 out 13 milk samples and in all cheeses with late blowing defect. Within antimicro- bial compounds, sodium nitrate is still the best choice for preventing late blowing, nevertheless a protective culture of Lacticaseibacillus casei proved to be a promising alternative. Nevertheless, the use of this protective culture in six Grottone cheese productions carried out at farm level, led to unsatisfactory results. Holes’ devel- opment was hampered likely for an inhibi- tion of the PAB starter and the expected ‘Grouviera-type’ taste was not perceived by panellists. Based on results, the use of pro- tective cultures needs to be contextualized and interactions with starters needs to be evaluated case by case.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890019
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