The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of proteolysis during dough fermentation started with different lactic acid bacteria species, through the identification of intermediate and small-sized peptides generated during fermentation. Single-strain cultures of Levilactobacillus brevis, Fructilactobacillus sanfranciscensis, Companilactobacillus alimentarius, and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides were assayed as sourdough starters. Assays were carried out at lab-scale for 48 h of fermentation, using both unstarted and yeast-leavened dough as controls. Physicochemical and microbiological analyses were combined with peptidomic and proteomic profiling, identifying several hundreds of peptides mainly released from the water-soluble wheat proteins, including β-amylase, triticin, and serpins. Both α- and γ-gliadins were hydrolyzed, though only at the N-terminal domain, while the central protein region – encrypting celiac disease epitopes– remained unaffected. The bacterial-mediated consumption of sugars and the concomitant hydrolysis of starch degrading β-amylase could underlie improved digestibility and several nutritionally beneficial effects of sourdough baked products.

Bacteria do it better! Proteomics suggests the molecular basis for improved digestibility of sourdough products

Ferranti P.;Addeo F.;Mamone G.
2021

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of proteolysis during dough fermentation started with different lactic acid bacteria species, through the identification of intermediate and small-sized peptides generated during fermentation. Single-strain cultures of Levilactobacillus brevis, Fructilactobacillus sanfranciscensis, Companilactobacillus alimentarius, and Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides were assayed as sourdough starters. Assays were carried out at lab-scale for 48 h of fermentation, using both unstarted and yeast-leavened dough as controls. Physicochemical and microbiological analyses were combined with peptidomic and proteomic profiling, identifying several hundreds of peptides mainly released from the water-soluble wheat proteins, including β-amylase, triticin, and serpins. Both α- and γ-gliadins were hydrolyzed, though only at the N-terminal domain, while the central protein region – encrypting celiac disease epitopes– remained unaffected. The bacterial-mediated consumption of sugars and the concomitant hydrolysis of starch degrading β-amylase could underlie improved digestibility and several nutritionally beneficial effects of sourdough baked products.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890860
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