: Yersiniosis - the 4th most commonly reported zoonosis in the European Union - is caused by the consumption of food contaminated with the bacterium Yersinia enterocolitica. The number of human cases and contaminated food samples is probably underestimated since conventional molecular methods currently proposed for Yersinia enterocolitica detection proved to have several limitations. Critical issues associated with the detection of Yersinia enterocolitica in meat and/or meat product has already been investigated, whereas data on the possible limits of the molecular methods for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in vegetables are still lacking. According to ISO method (ISO 18867:2015), real-time polymerase chain reaction (rtPCR) should be adopted for Yersinia enterocolitica detection, even if it proved to be affected by some biases. Recently, Droplet Digital PCR (ddPCR) has been introduced as a useful tool to detect and quantify different pathogenic bacteria in complex food matrices. However, its potential application for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in vegetables has never been investigated before. In the present study two molecular platforms (rtPCR and ddPCR) were used to evaluate the pathogen's behaviour in experimentally contaminated leafy greens (Lactuca sativa L.) and to assess the rate of detection achievable after the incubation for eleven days at different temperatures. By comparing, noticeable differences emerged between the two technical approaches: only ddPCR allowed the detection of the pathogen in leafy greens when contaminated at low levels. Moreover, results of the present work highlighted the importance of length and temperature of incubation on the survival and/or the growth of Yersinia enterocolitica in vegetables: at 18 and 25 °C the concentration of the pathogen considerably decreases along incubation. Based on data, the use of rtPCR leads to an underestimation of the true prevalence of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in vegetables, while temperature and time currently proposed for Y. enterocolitica (25 °C for 24 h), allow optimizing detection. To conclude, ddPCR may be undoubtedly proposed as a reliable alternative strategy for the quick detection of the pathogen in food samples.

Comparison of droplet digital PCR vs real-time PCR for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in vegetables

Peruzy, M F
;
Aponte, M;Murru, N
2021

Abstract

: Yersiniosis - the 4th most commonly reported zoonosis in the European Union - is caused by the consumption of food contaminated with the bacterium Yersinia enterocolitica. The number of human cases and contaminated food samples is probably underestimated since conventional molecular methods currently proposed for Yersinia enterocolitica detection proved to have several limitations. Critical issues associated with the detection of Yersinia enterocolitica in meat and/or meat product has already been investigated, whereas data on the possible limits of the molecular methods for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in vegetables are still lacking. According to ISO method (ISO 18867:2015), real-time polymerase chain reaction (rtPCR) should be adopted for Yersinia enterocolitica detection, even if it proved to be affected by some biases. Recently, Droplet Digital PCR (ddPCR) has been introduced as a useful tool to detect and quantify different pathogenic bacteria in complex food matrices. However, its potential application for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in vegetables has never been investigated before. In the present study two molecular platforms (rtPCR and ddPCR) were used to evaluate the pathogen's behaviour in experimentally contaminated leafy greens (Lactuca sativa L.) and to assess the rate of detection achievable after the incubation for eleven days at different temperatures. By comparing, noticeable differences emerged between the two technical approaches: only ddPCR allowed the detection of the pathogen in leafy greens when contaminated at low levels. Moreover, results of the present work highlighted the importance of length and temperature of incubation on the survival and/or the growth of Yersinia enterocolitica in vegetables: at 18 and 25 °C the concentration of the pathogen considerably decreases along incubation. Based on data, the use of rtPCR leads to an underestimation of the true prevalence of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in vegetables, while temperature and time currently proposed for Y. enterocolitica (25 °C for 24 h), allow optimizing detection. To conclude, ddPCR may be undoubtedly proposed as a reliable alternative strategy for the quick detection of the pathogen in food samples.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0168160521002804-Comparison of droplet digital PCR vs real-time PCR for Yersinia enterocolitica detection in vegetables.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 485.05 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
485.05 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/866652
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact