Aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of bread enrichment with different concentrations of lentil flour (LF) (0 g/100g, 10 g/100g and 20 g/100g) on some physico-chemical, structural, and nutritional features of bread. The addition of LF in formulation affected its properties, leading to a darker appearance and to a more compact structure (e.g., higher density and lower gas bubble area fraction). Besides, it led to a significant rise in the protein, free glucose, and rapidly digestible starch content as well as in the expected glycemic index. Concerning the investigation of nutritional properties, starch and protein digestibility has been evaluated by the combination of different digestion models. Each type of bread was subjected to an in vivo oral phase followed by a semi-dynamic in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. During the oral and the gastric phases of digestion, bread with the greatest LF content (20 g/100g) exhibited an extensive starch digestibility and a partial protein digestibility compared to the other samples, due to its higher protein content. In contrast, during the intestinal phase, control (0 g/100g) showed a stronger starch digestibility compared with the LF samples, while no differences could be observed in terms of protein digestibility investigated by SDS-PAGE

Physicochemical properties, structure and digestibility in simulated gastrointestinal environment of bread added with green lentil flour / Gallo, Veronica; Romano, Annalisa; Miralles, Beatriz; Ferranti, Pasquale; Masi, Paolo; Santos-Hernández, Marta; Recio, Isidra. - In: LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT + TECHNOLOGIE. - ISSN 0023-6438. - 154:(2022), p. 112713. [10.1016/j.lwt.2021.112713]

Physicochemical properties, structure and digestibility in simulated gastrointestinal environment of bread added with green lentil flour

Veronica Gallo;Annalisa Romano
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Pasquale Ferranti;Paolo Masi;
2022

Abstract

Aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of bread enrichment with different concentrations of lentil flour (LF) (0 g/100g, 10 g/100g and 20 g/100g) on some physico-chemical, structural, and nutritional features of bread. The addition of LF in formulation affected its properties, leading to a darker appearance and to a more compact structure (e.g., higher density and lower gas bubble area fraction). Besides, it led to a significant rise in the protein, free glucose, and rapidly digestible starch content as well as in the expected glycemic index. Concerning the investigation of nutritional properties, starch and protein digestibility has been evaluated by the combination of different digestion models. Each type of bread was subjected to an in vivo oral phase followed by a semi-dynamic in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. During the oral and the gastric phases of digestion, bread with the greatest LF content (20 g/100g) exhibited an extensive starch digestibility and a partial protein digestibility compared to the other samples, due to its higher protein content. In contrast, during the intestinal phase, control (0 g/100g) showed a stronger starch digestibility compared with the LF samples, while no differences could be observed in terms of protein digestibility investigated by SDS-PAGE
2022
Physicochemical properties, structure and digestibility in simulated gastrointestinal environment of bread added with green lentil flour / Gallo, Veronica; Romano, Annalisa; Miralles, Beatriz; Ferranti, Pasquale; Masi, Paolo; Santos-Hernández, Marta; Recio, Isidra. - In: LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT + TECHNOLOGIE. - ISSN 0023-6438. - 154:(2022), p. 112713. [10.1016/j.lwt.2021.112713]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/861924
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