Tissue transglutaminase contributes to liver damage in the development of hepatic fibrosis. In a model of neurodegeneration, the therapeutic benefit of cystamine has been partly attributed to its inhibition of transglutaminase activity. Garlic extract contains many compounds structurally related to cystamine. We investigated the anti-fibrotic effect of garlic extract and cystamine as specific tissue transglutaminase inhibitors.Transglutaminase activity was increased in CCl(4) group and reduced by cystamine and garlic extract (p<0.05). Treatment with cystamine and garlic extract reduced the liver fibrosis and collagen deposition, particularly in the garlic extract group (p<0.01). Moreover, the liver damage improved and serum alanine aminotransferase was decreased (p<0.05). Tissue transglutaminase immunolocalised with collagen fibres and is mainly found in the ECM of damaged liver. Alpha-SMA, IL-1beta, tissue transglutaminase mRNA and tissue transglutaminase protein were down-regulated in the cystamine and garlic extract groups compared to controls

Garlic extract prevents CCl(4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats: The role of tissue transglutaminase.

D'ARGENIO, GIUSEPPE;VITAGLIONE, PAOLA;RIBECCO, MARIA TERESA SILVIA;D'ARMIENTO, MARIA;MEZZA, ERNESTO;MORISCO, FILOMENA;FOGLIANO, VINCENZO;CAPORASO, NICOLA
2010

Abstract

Tissue transglutaminase contributes to liver damage in the development of hepatic fibrosis. In a model of neurodegeneration, the therapeutic benefit of cystamine has been partly attributed to its inhibition of transglutaminase activity. Garlic extract contains many compounds structurally related to cystamine. We investigated the anti-fibrotic effect of garlic extract and cystamine as specific tissue transglutaminase inhibitors.Transglutaminase activity was increased in CCl(4) group and reduced by cystamine and garlic extract (p<0.05). Treatment with cystamine and garlic extract reduced the liver fibrosis and collagen deposition, particularly in the garlic extract group (p<0.01). Moreover, the liver damage improved and serum alanine aminotransferase was decreased (p<0.05). Tissue transglutaminase immunolocalised with collagen fibres and is mainly found in the ECM of damaged liver. Alpha-SMA, IL-1beta, tissue transglutaminase mRNA and tissue transglutaminase protein were down-regulated in the cystamine and garlic extract groups compared to controls
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/376033
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