: Microplastics (MPs) are pollutants widely distributed in aquatic ecosystems. MPs are introduced mainly by ingestion acting locally or in organs far from the gastroenteric tract. MPs-induced health consequences for fish species still need to be fully understood. We aimed to investigate the effects of the subchronic oral exposure to polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs) (1-20 μm) in the gilthead seabreams (Sparus aurata) used as the experimental model. We studied the detrimental impact of PS-MPs (25 and 250 mg/kg b.w./day) on the redox balance and antioxidant status in the intestine using histological analysis and molecular techniques. The research goal was to examine the anterior (AI) and posterior intestine (PI) tracts, characterized by morphological and functional differences. PS-MPs caused an increase of reactive oxygen species and nitrosylated proteins in both tracts, as well as augmented malondialdehyde production in the PI. PS-MPs also differently affected gene expression of antioxidant enzymes (i.e., superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase). Moreover, an increased up-regulation of protective heat shock proteins (HSPs) (i.e., hsp70 and hsp90) was observed in PI. Our findings demonstrate that PS-MPs are responsible for oxidative/nitrosative stress and alterations of detoxifying defense system responses with differences in AI and PI of gilthead seabreams.

Subchronic Exposure to Polystyrene Microplastic Differently Affects Redox Balance in the Anterior and Posterior Intestine of Sparus aurata / Del Piano, Filomena; Lama, Adriano; Monnolo, Anna; Pirozzi, Claudio; Piccolo, Giovanni; Vozzo, Simone; De Biase, Davide; Riccio, Lorenzo; Fusco, Giovanna; Mercogliano, Raffaelina; Meli, Rosaria; Ferrante, Maria Carmela. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 13:4(2023), p. 606. [10.3390/ani13040606]

Subchronic Exposure to Polystyrene Microplastic Differently Affects Redox Balance in the Anterior and Posterior Intestine of Sparus aurata

Del Piano, Filomena;Lama, Adriano;Monnolo, Anna;Pirozzi, Claudio;Piccolo, Giovanni;Vozzo, Simone;De Biase, Davide;Riccio, Lorenzo;Fusco, Giovanna;Mercogliano, Raffaelina;Meli, Rosaria;Ferrante, Maria Carmela
2023

Abstract

: Microplastics (MPs) are pollutants widely distributed in aquatic ecosystems. MPs are introduced mainly by ingestion acting locally or in organs far from the gastroenteric tract. MPs-induced health consequences for fish species still need to be fully understood. We aimed to investigate the effects of the subchronic oral exposure to polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs) (1-20 μm) in the gilthead seabreams (Sparus aurata) used as the experimental model. We studied the detrimental impact of PS-MPs (25 and 250 mg/kg b.w./day) on the redox balance and antioxidant status in the intestine using histological analysis and molecular techniques. The research goal was to examine the anterior (AI) and posterior intestine (PI) tracts, characterized by morphological and functional differences. PS-MPs caused an increase of reactive oxygen species and nitrosylated proteins in both tracts, as well as augmented malondialdehyde production in the PI. PS-MPs also differently affected gene expression of antioxidant enzymes (i.e., superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase). Moreover, an increased up-regulation of protective heat shock proteins (HSPs) (i.e., hsp70 and hsp90) was observed in PI. Our findings demonstrate that PS-MPs are responsible for oxidative/nitrosative stress and alterations of detoxifying defense system responses with differences in AI and PI of gilthead seabreams.
2023
Subchronic Exposure to Polystyrene Microplastic Differently Affects Redox Balance in the Anterior and Posterior Intestine of Sparus aurata / Del Piano, Filomena; Lama, Adriano; Monnolo, Anna; Pirozzi, Claudio; Piccolo, Giovanni; Vozzo, Simone; De Biase, Davide; Riccio, Lorenzo; Fusco, Giovanna; Mercogliano, Raffaelina; Meli, Rosaria; Ferrante, Maria Carmela. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 13:4(2023), p. 606. [10.3390/ani13040606]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/937380
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