Nowadays, time series are a widely-exploited methodology to describe phenomena belonging to different fields. In fact, electrical consumption can be explained, from a data analysis perspective, with a time series, as for healthcare, financial index, air pollution or parking occupancy rate. Applying time series to different areas of interest has contributed to the exponential rise in interest by both practitioners and academics. On the other side, especially regarding static data, a new trend is acquiring even more relevance in the data analysis community, namely neural network generative approaches. Generative approaches aim to generate new, fake samples given a dataset of real data by implicitly learning the probability distribution underlining data. In this way, several tasks can be addressed, such as data augmentation, class imbalance, anomaly detection or privacy. However, even if this topic is relatively well-established in the literature related to static data regarding time series, the debate is still open. This paper contributes to this debate by comparing four neural network-based generative approaches for time series belonging to the state-of-the-art methodologies in literature. The comparison has been carried out on five public and private datasets and on different time granularities, with a total number of 13 experimental scenario. Our work aims to provide a wide overview of the performances of the compared methodologies when working in different conditions like seasonality, strong autoregressive components and long or short sequences.

Neural networks generative models for time series

Gatta F.;Giampaolo F.;Prezioso E.;Cuomo S.;Piccialli F.
2022

Abstract

Nowadays, time series are a widely-exploited methodology to describe phenomena belonging to different fields. In fact, electrical consumption can be explained, from a data analysis perspective, with a time series, as for healthcare, financial index, air pollution or parking occupancy rate. Applying time series to different areas of interest has contributed to the exponential rise in interest by both practitioners and academics. On the other side, especially regarding static data, a new trend is acquiring even more relevance in the data analysis community, namely neural network generative approaches. Generative approaches aim to generate new, fake samples given a dataset of real data by implicitly learning the probability distribution underlining data. In this way, several tasks can be addressed, such as data augmentation, class imbalance, anomaly detection or privacy. However, even if this topic is relatively well-established in the literature related to static data regarding time series, the debate is still open. This paper contributes to this debate by comparing four neural network-based generative approaches for time series belonging to the state-of-the-art methodologies in literature. The comparison has been carried out on five public and private datasets and on different time granularities, with a total number of 13 experimental scenario. Our work aims to provide a wide overview of the performances of the compared methodologies when working in different conditions like seasonality, strong autoregressive components and long or short sequences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/893879
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