The contamination of agricultural products with mycotoxins causes risks to animal and human health and severe economic losses. Mycotoxicoses can be reduced by preventing fungal infection using chemical and biological approaches. The chemical strategies can release toxic molecules; therefore, strategies for biological control are being evaluated, such as using nontoxic fungi and their metabolites. This work evaluated the effect of exoenzymes produced by the beneficial fungus Trichoderma afroharzianum strain T22 in degrading Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and Ochratoxin A (OTA). The ability of Trichoderma to produce hydrolases was stimulated by using different inducing substrates. The highest AFB1 and OTA degradation activity was obtained using a medium containing lyophilized mushrooms and crude fiber. The T. afroharzianum T22's ability to reduce mycotoxins may be attributed to peroxidase enzymes. This study showed that T. afroharzianum strain T22 or its peroxidase supplementation could represent a sustainable strategy for the degradation of AFB1 and OTA in feed and food products.

Trichoderma Enzymes for Degradation of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A / Dini, I.; Alborino, Vittoria; Lanzuise, S.; Lombardi, N.; Marra, R.; Balestrieri, A.; Ritieni, A.; Woo, S. L.; Vinale, F.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 27:12(2022). [10.3390/molecules27123959]

Trichoderma Enzymes for Degradation of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A.

Dini, I.
;
Lanzuise, S.;Lombardi, N.;Marra, R.;Balestrieri, A.;Ritieni, A.;Woo, S. L.;Vinale, F.
2022

Abstract

The contamination of agricultural products with mycotoxins causes risks to animal and human health and severe economic losses. Mycotoxicoses can be reduced by preventing fungal infection using chemical and biological approaches. The chemical strategies can release toxic molecules; therefore, strategies for biological control are being evaluated, such as using nontoxic fungi and their metabolites. This work evaluated the effect of exoenzymes produced by the beneficial fungus Trichoderma afroharzianum strain T22 in degrading Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and Ochratoxin A (OTA). The ability of Trichoderma to produce hydrolases was stimulated by using different inducing substrates. The highest AFB1 and OTA degradation activity was obtained using a medium containing lyophilized mushrooms and crude fiber. The T. afroharzianum T22's ability to reduce mycotoxins may be attributed to peroxidase enzymes. This study showed that T. afroharzianum strain T22 or its peroxidase supplementation could represent a sustainable strategy for the degradation of AFB1 and OTA in feed and food products.
2022
Trichoderma Enzymes for Degradation of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A / Dini, I.; Alborino, Vittoria; Lanzuise, S.; Lombardi, N.; Marra, R.; Balestrieri, A.; Ritieni, A.; Woo, S. L.; Vinale, F.. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 27:12(2022). [10.3390/molecules27123959]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/888632
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