Hypoglycemia is the result of defects/impairment in glucose homeostasis. The main etiological causes are metabolic and/or endocrine and/or other congenital disorders. Despite hypoglycemia is one of the most common emergencies in neonatal age and childhood, no consensus on the definition and diagnostic work-up exists yet. Aims of this review are to present the current age-related definitions of hypoglycemia in neonatal-pediatric age, to offer a concise and practical overview of its main causes and management and to discuss the current diagnostic-therapeutic approaches. Since a systematic and prompt approach to diagnosis and therapy is essential to prevent hypoglycemic brain injury and long-term neurological complications in children, a comprehensive diagnostic flowchart is also proposed.

An Overview of Hypoglycemia in Children Including a Comprehensive Practical Diagnostic Flowchart for Clinical Use / Casertano, A.; Rossi, A.; Fecarotta, S.; Rosanio, F. M.; Moracas, C.; Di Candia, F.; Parenti, G.; Franzese, A.; Mozzillo, E.. - In: FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-2392. - 12:(2021), p. 684011. [10.3389/fendo.2021.684011]

An Overview of Hypoglycemia in Children Including a Comprehensive Practical Diagnostic Flowchart for Clinical Use

Casertano A.;Rossi A.;Fecarotta S.;Rosanio F. M.;Moracas C.;Di Candia F.;Parenti G.;Franzese A.;Mozzillo E.
2021

Abstract

Hypoglycemia is the result of defects/impairment in glucose homeostasis. The main etiological causes are metabolic and/or endocrine and/or other congenital disorders. Despite hypoglycemia is one of the most common emergencies in neonatal age and childhood, no consensus on the definition and diagnostic work-up exists yet. Aims of this review are to present the current age-related definitions of hypoglycemia in neonatal-pediatric age, to offer a concise and practical overview of its main causes and management and to discuss the current diagnostic-therapeutic approaches. Since a systematic and prompt approach to diagnosis and therapy is essential to prevent hypoglycemic brain injury and long-term neurological complications in children, a comprehensive diagnostic flowchart is also proposed.
2021
An Overview of Hypoglycemia in Children Including a Comprehensive Practical Diagnostic Flowchart for Clinical Use / Casertano, A.; Rossi, A.; Fecarotta, S.; Rosanio, F. M.; Moracas, C.; Di Candia, F.; Parenti, G.; Franzese, A.; Mozzillo, E.. - In: FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-2392. - 12:(2021), p. 684011. [10.3389/fendo.2021.684011]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/875994
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