We describe a novel deletion causing heterozygous εγδβ-thalassemia (εγδβ-thal) across three generations of a Greek family. The Greek deletion is about 72 kb in length, spanning from the hypersensitive site 4 (HS4) in the locus control region (LCR) to the 3' end of the β-globin gene, thus encompassing the entire β-globin gene cluster. The deletion caused severe but transient neonatal anemia and a non transfusion-dependent chronic hemolytic anemia state later in life, resembling mild β-thalassemia intermedia (β-TI) rather than β-thalassemia (β-thal) trait, as had been previously reported. Apart from the presentation of clinical and laboratory characteristics, the challenges involving clinical management are also discussed.

A Novel epsilon gamma delta beta-Thalassemia Deletion Associated with Severe Anemia at Birth and a beta-Thalassemia Intermedia Phenotype Later in Life in Three Generations of a Greek Family

Storino M. R.;Andolfo I.;Iolascon A.;Grosso M.
2019

Abstract

We describe a novel deletion causing heterozygous εγδβ-thalassemia (εγδβ-thal) across three generations of a Greek family. The Greek deletion is about 72 kb in length, spanning from the hypersensitive site 4 (HS4) in the locus control region (LCR) to the 3' end of the β-globin gene, thus encompassing the entire β-globin gene cluster. The deletion caused severe but transient neonatal anemia and a non transfusion-dependent chronic hemolytic anemia state later in life, resembling mild β-thalassemia intermedia (β-TI) rather than β-thalassemia (β-thal) trait, as had been previously reported. Apart from the presentation of clinical and laboratory characteristics, the challenges involving clinical management are also discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/866917
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