We have carried out a retrospective study of chromosome anomalies associated with increased nuchal translucency (NT) in order to compare yield rates of karyotype, chromosome microarray analysis (CMA), and non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in this condition. Presenting with increased NT or cystic hygroma ≥3.5 mm as an isolated sign, 249 fetuses underwent karyotype and/or CMA from 11 to 18 gestational weeks. Karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses detected 103 chromosomal anomalies including 95 aneuploidies and eight chromosomal rearrangements or derivatives. Further, seven pathogenic copy number variants (CNV), five likely pathogenic CNVs, and 15 variants of unknown significance (VOUS) were detected by CMA in fetuses with normal karyotype. Genetic testing is now facing new challenges due to results with uncertain clinical impacts. Additional investigations will be necessary to interpret these findings. More than 15% of the anomalies that we have diagnosed with invasive techniques could not be detected by NIPT. It is therefore definitely not recommended in the case of ultrasound anomalies. These results, while corroborating the use of CMA in fetuses with increased NT as a second tier after rapid aneuploidy testing, do not suggest a dismissal of karyotype analysis.

Chromosomal Microarray Analysis versus Karyotyping in Fetuses with Increased Nuchal Translucency

Cicatiello, Rita;Pignataro, Piero;Izzo, Antonella;Mollo, Nunzia;Pezone, Lucia;Maruotti, Giuseppe Maria;Sarno, Laura;Sglavo, Gabriella;Conti, Anna;Genesio, Rita;Nitsch, Lucio
2019

Abstract

We have carried out a retrospective study of chromosome anomalies associated with increased nuchal translucency (NT) in order to compare yield rates of karyotype, chromosome microarray analysis (CMA), and non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in this condition. Presenting with increased NT or cystic hygroma ≥3.5 mm as an isolated sign, 249 fetuses underwent karyotype and/or CMA from 11 to 18 gestational weeks. Karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses detected 103 chromosomal anomalies including 95 aneuploidies and eight chromosomal rearrangements or derivatives. Further, seven pathogenic copy number variants (CNV), five likely pathogenic CNVs, and 15 variants of unknown significance (VOUS) were detected by CMA in fetuses with normal karyotype. Genetic testing is now facing new challenges due to results with uncertain clinical impacts. Additional investigations will be necessary to interpret these findings. More than 15% of the anomalies that we have diagnosed with invasive techniques could not be detected by NIPT. It is therefore definitely not recommended in the case of ultrasound anomalies. These results, while corroborating the use of CMA in fetuses with increased NT as a second tier after rapid aneuploidy testing, do not suggest a dismissal of karyotype analysis.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/765055
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact