Consumer demand for fresh and functional horticultural products is on the rise. Perilla frutescens, L. Britt (Lamiaceae) is a potential specialty/niche crop for consumption and therapeutic uses with high contents of phenolic and volatile compounds. Plant growth, mineral composition, polyphenol profile and aroma volatile components of two perilla genotypes in response to salinity (non-salt control, 10, 20 or 30 mM NaCl) applied as chemical eustressor were assessed. Salinity suppressed growth and yield of both genotypes, although the red-pigmented genotype was less sensitive than the green-pigmented one. Mild (10 mM NaCl) and moderate (20 and 30 mM NaCl) salinity suppressed foliar potassium, magnesium, nitrate and chlorophyll a concentrations of both genotypes and increased the levels of rosmarinic acid, total polyphenols and target aroma volatilecomponents. Greenperillashowedhigheryieldandbiomassproductionandhighercontentof protein,drymatter,calcium,magnesium,perillaketoneandcis-jasmone,whereasredperillaexhibited higher content of potassium, chlorophyll a, rosmarinic acid, total polyphenols, perilla aldehyde and benzaldehyde. Ourfindingssupportthatchemicaleustressorssuchasmildtomoderatesalinityoffer valuable means to manipulate phytochemical and aroma profiles.

Chemical Eustress Elicits Tailored Responses and Enhances the Functional Quality of Novel Food Perilla frutescens

Rouphael Youssef
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Pizzolongo Fabiana
Conceptualization
;
Romano Raffaele
Methodology
;
Sifola Maria Isabella
Supervision
2019

Abstract

Consumer demand for fresh and functional horticultural products is on the rise. Perilla frutescens, L. Britt (Lamiaceae) is a potential specialty/niche crop for consumption and therapeutic uses with high contents of phenolic and volatile compounds. Plant growth, mineral composition, polyphenol profile and aroma volatile components of two perilla genotypes in response to salinity (non-salt control, 10, 20 or 30 mM NaCl) applied as chemical eustressor were assessed. Salinity suppressed growth and yield of both genotypes, although the red-pigmented genotype was less sensitive than the green-pigmented one. Mild (10 mM NaCl) and moderate (20 and 30 mM NaCl) salinity suppressed foliar potassium, magnesium, nitrate and chlorophyll a concentrations of both genotypes and increased the levels of rosmarinic acid, total polyphenols and target aroma volatilecomponents. Greenperillashowedhigheryieldandbiomassproductionandhighercontentof protein,drymatter,calcium,magnesium,perillaketoneandcis-jasmone,whereasredperillaexhibited higher content of potassium, chlorophyll a, rosmarinic acid, total polyphenols, perilla aldehyde and benzaldehyde. Ourfindingssupportthatchemicaleustressorssuchasmildtomoderatesalinityoffer valuable means to manipulate phytochemical and aroma profiles.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/738242
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