A novel method for the selective enrichment of casein phosphoproteins/phosphopeptides (CPP) from complex mixtures is reported herein. This method employs ceramic hydroxyapatite (HA) as a solid-phase adsorbent to efficiently capture phosphoproteins and CPP from complex media. Casein was chosen as the model phosphoprotein to test the protocol. CPP immobilized on HA microgranules formed a complex that was included in the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI) matrix before desorbing directly from the well plate. Casein fractions with different levels of phosphorylation were desorbed based upon the specific concentration of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) included in the MALDI matrix. The HA-bound casein enzymolysis was performed in situ with trypsin to remove nonphosphorylated peptides and isolate the immobilized CPP. The latter were recovered by centrifugation, dried, and co-crystallized with a 1% phosphoric acid (PA) solution in the matrix that was appropriate for detecting CPP in MALDI-MS spectra. This approach for the selection of casein/CPP resulted in the identification of 32 CPP by MALDI-time of flight (TOF). The analytical process involved two steps requiring ∼2 h, excluding the time required for the enzymatic reaction. The alkaline phosphatase (AP)-assisted de-phosphorylation of tryptic CPP allowed the phosphorylation level of peptides to be calculated concurrently with MALDI-TOF MS and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (LC–ESI–MS/MS). The effectiveness of the extraction procedure assayed on eggshell phosphoproteins resulted in the identification of 5 phosphoproteins and 14 derived phosphopeptides with a phosphoprotein global recovery of ∼70% at least.

Hydroxyapatite as a concentrating probe for phosphoproteomic analyses.

PINTO, GABRIELLA;CAIRA, SIMONETTA;CUOLLO, MARINA;LILLA, SERGIO;FIERRO, OLGA;ADDEO, FRANCESCO
2013

Abstract

A novel method for the selective enrichment of casein phosphoproteins/phosphopeptides (CPP) from complex mixtures is reported herein. This method employs ceramic hydroxyapatite (HA) as a solid-phase adsorbent to efficiently capture phosphoproteins and CPP from complex media. Casein was chosen as the model phosphoprotein to test the protocol. CPP immobilized on HA microgranules formed a complex that was included in the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI) matrix before desorbing directly from the well plate. Casein fractions with different levels of phosphorylation were desorbed based upon the specific concentration of trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) included in the MALDI matrix. The HA-bound casein enzymolysis was performed in situ with trypsin to remove nonphosphorylated peptides and isolate the immobilized CPP. The latter were recovered by centrifugation, dried, and co-crystallized with a 1% phosphoric acid (PA) solution in the matrix that was appropriate for detecting CPP in MALDI-MS spectra. This approach for the selection of casein/CPP resulted in the identification of 32 CPP by MALDI-time of flight (TOF). The analytical process involved two steps requiring ∼2 h, excluding the time required for the enzymatic reaction. The alkaline phosphatase (AP)-assisted de-phosphorylation of tryptic CPP allowed the phosphorylation level of peptides to be calculated concurrently with MALDI-TOF MS and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (LC–ESI–MS/MS). The effectiveness of the extraction procedure assayed on eggshell phosphoproteins resulted in the identification of 5 phosphoproteins and 14 derived phosphopeptides with a phosphoprotein global recovery of ∼70% at least.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/597148
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