A derivative of 2-methylindole, 3-[2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethenyl]-1-allyl-2-methylindole, NPEMI-A, is studied for its photoconductivity and photorefractivity behaviour. Its blends with the organic polymer poly-(2,3-dimethyl-N-vinylindole), PVDMI, are also investigated. Due to the expected and devised mutual solubility of the two components of the blends, it is possible to carry out measurements with the weight percent of the chromophore NPEMI-A changing from zero to 100. Films were produced by a squeezing process between two ITO-covered glass sheets. No opacity phenomena, that are so common for many other organic blends due to the segregation of the dissolved chromophore, are observed. The photorefractive optical gain 2 is obtained as a function of the chromophore content. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements (DSC) are also carried out to obtain the whole change of the glass transition temperature Tg as a function of the amount of chromophore contained in the blends. From the experimental trend of Tg a meaningful quantitative estimate of the value of the electrostatic interactions acting in the studied blends, is obtained. The importance of the value of Tg, and of the electrostatic interactions, in determining the extent of the photorefractivity is clearly evident. The results are compared for NPEMI-A (2=210 cm-1) and for NPEMI-E (2 2000 cm-1) that has a N-2-ethylhexyl group instead of a N-allyl group. The Pockels and Kerr contributions and - for the first time - a collaborative effect of the photorefractivity of NPEMI-A are distinguished and quantitatively evaluated.

The relevance of the collaborative effect in determining the performances of photorefractive polymer materials

COLLIGIANI, ARTURO;MASI, PAOLO;ROMANO, ANNALISA;
2010

Abstract

A derivative of 2-methylindole, 3-[2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethenyl]-1-allyl-2-methylindole, NPEMI-A, is studied for its photoconductivity and photorefractivity behaviour. Its blends with the organic polymer poly-(2,3-dimethyl-N-vinylindole), PVDMI, are also investigated. Due to the expected and devised mutual solubility of the two components of the blends, it is possible to carry out measurements with the weight percent of the chromophore NPEMI-A changing from zero to 100. Films were produced by a squeezing process between two ITO-covered glass sheets. No opacity phenomena, that are so common for many other organic blends due to the segregation of the dissolved chromophore, are observed. The photorefractive optical gain 2 is obtained as a function of the chromophore content. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements (DSC) are also carried out to obtain the whole change of the glass transition temperature Tg as a function of the amount of chromophore contained in the blends. From the experimental trend of Tg a meaningful quantitative estimate of the value of the electrostatic interactions acting in the studied blends, is obtained. The importance of the value of Tg, and of the electrostatic interactions, in determining the extent of the photorefractivity is clearly evident. The results are compared for NPEMI-A (2=210 cm-1) and for NPEMI-E (2 2000 cm-1) that has a N-2-ethylhexyl group instead of a N-allyl group. The Pockels and Kerr contributions and - for the first time - a collaborative effect of the photorefractivity of NPEMI-A are distinguished and quantitatively evaluated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366225
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