The knowledge of Vehicle Sideslip Angle (VSA) can play an essential role in active safety vehicle control systems. However, due to the high costs of sensing instruments, this information is difficult to be directly measured onboard of series production vehicles, restricting de facto its application in practice. It follows that there is a need for online VSA estimation methods only based on available measurements from low-cost sensors. From this perspective, this work proposes a strategy based on Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) filters, which does not require tyre–road friction coefficient knowledge. By integrating the available onboard sensor data, the IMM estimates relevant information in different driving conditions leveraging a 2-Degrees Of Freedom (DOF) single-track vehicle model embedding a Dugoff tyre representation. Two alternative IMM algorithms based on the Extended (EKF) and Unscented Kalman filter (UKF) are developed. Moreover, while usually the transition probabilities among models in classical IMMs are fixed and set on prior information and/or dedicated analysis, here these conservative hypotheses are relaxed introducing a state-dependent Markov transition matrix based on a novel model switching algorithm. The effectiveness of the new proposed methods is evaluated on extensive non-trivial simulation scenarios through a Monte Carlo analysis exploiting an accurate 15-DOF vehicle model via a purposely designed high-fidelity co-simulation platform embedding the dSPACE software Automotive Simulation Model (ASM). Results provide a meaningful comparative performance analysis between the IMMEKF and IMMUKF solutions, as well as with respect to traditional IMM based on constant probabilities transition matrix, blue in both the EKF and UKF configuration. Finally, the developed IMM-based estimation strategy is tested in two realistic driving scenarios to assess the VSA estimation accuracy in case of abrupt changes in road surface conditions.

Vehicle Sideslip Angle estimation under critical road conditions via nonlinear Kalman filter-based state-dependent Interacting Multiple Model approach / Tufano, F.; Lui, D. G.; Battistini, S.; Brancati, R.; Lenzo, B.; Santini, S.. - In: CONTROL ENGINEERING PRACTICE. - ISSN 0967-0661. - 146:(2024). [10.1016/j.conengprac.2024.105901]

Vehicle Sideslip Angle estimation under critical road conditions via nonlinear Kalman filter-based state-dependent Interacting Multiple Model approach

Tufano F.;Lui D. G.;Brancati R.;Lenzo B.;Santini S.
2024

Abstract

The knowledge of Vehicle Sideslip Angle (VSA) can play an essential role in active safety vehicle control systems. However, due to the high costs of sensing instruments, this information is difficult to be directly measured onboard of series production vehicles, restricting de facto its application in practice. It follows that there is a need for online VSA estimation methods only based on available measurements from low-cost sensors. From this perspective, this work proposes a strategy based on Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) filters, which does not require tyre–road friction coefficient knowledge. By integrating the available onboard sensor data, the IMM estimates relevant information in different driving conditions leveraging a 2-Degrees Of Freedom (DOF) single-track vehicle model embedding a Dugoff tyre representation. Two alternative IMM algorithms based on the Extended (EKF) and Unscented Kalman filter (UKF) are developed. Moreover, while usually the transition probabilities among models in classical IMMs are fixed and set on prior information and/or dedicated analysis, here these conservative hypotheses are relaxed introducing a state-dependent Markov transition matrix based on a novel model switching algorithm. The effectiveness of the new proposed methods is evaluated on extensive non-trivial simulation scenarios through a Monte Carlo analysis exploiting an accurate 15-DOF vehicle model via a purposely designed high-fidelity co-simulation platform embedding the dSPACE software Automotive Simulation Model (ASM). Results provide a meaningful comparative performance analysis between the IMMEKF and IMMUKF solutions, as well as with respect to traditional IMM based on constant probabilities transition matrix, blue in both the EKF and UKF configuration. Finally, the developed IMM-based estimation strategy is tested in two realistic driving scenarios to assess the VSA estimation accuracy in case of abrupt changes in road surface conditions.
2024
Vehicle Sideslip Angle estimation under critical road conditions via nonlinear Kalman filter-based state-dependent Interacting Multiple Model approach / Tufano, F.; Lui, D. G.; Battistini, S.; Brancati, R.; Lenzo, B.; Santini, S.. - In: CONTROL ENGINEERING PRACTICE. - ISSN 0967-0661. - 146:(2024). [10.1016/j.conengprac.2024.105901]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/955966
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