Background: In children with an allergy to cow’s milk proteins (CMA), the altered composition of intestinal microbiota influences the immune tolerance to milk proteins (CMP). This study aims to investigate the effect of probiotics on the phenotype and activation status of peripheral basophils and lymphocytes in a pediatric CMA cohort. Methods: CMA children underwent 45 days of treatment with Bifidobacteria. The basophil degranulation and the immune phenotype of B cells, T helper cells, and regulatory T cells were analyzed in peripheral blood at diagnosis (T0), after a 45-day probiotic treatment (T1), and 45 days after the probiotic wash-out (T2). Results: We observed in probiotic-treated CMA patients a decrease in naive T lymphocytes. Among the CD3+ cell subsets, both naive and activated CD4+ cells resulted markedly reduced after taking probiotics, with the lowest percentages at T2. A decreased basophil degranulation was observed in response to all analyzed CMP at T1 compared to T0. Conclusions: The probiotic treatment resulted in a decrease of circulating naive and activated CD4+ T cells, as well as degranulating basophils. These data suggest that the Bifidobacteria could have a beneficial effect in the modulation of oral tolerance to CMP. Trial registration: ISRCTN69069358. URL of registration: https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN69069358. Impact: Probiotic treatment with Bifidobacteria induces a reduction of both naive and activated circulating CD4+ T cells in pediatric patients with cow’s milk allergy (CMA).The probiotic supplementation induces a decreased basophil degranulation.The immunological tolerance persists even after 45 days of the probiotic wash-out.Bifidobacteria in vivo supplementation down-modulates the activation of innate and adaptive immunity in pediatric patients with cow’s milk allergy.Bifidobacteria contribute to the development of immune tolerance in CMA patients.

Bifidobacteria modulate immune response in pediatric patients with cow’s milk protein allergy / Strisciuglio, C.; Vitale, A.; Perna, F.; Garziano, F.; Dolce, P.; Vitale, S.; Micillo, T.; Oglio, F.; del Giudice, M. M.; Matarese, G.; Gianfrani, C.. - In: PEDIATRIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0031-3998. - 94:3(2023), pp. 1111-1118. [10.1038/s41390-023-02534-0]

Bifidobacteria modulate immune response in pediatric patients with cow’s milk protein allergy

Strisciuglio C.;Perna F.;Garziano F.;Dolce P.;Oglio F.;Matarese G.;Gianfrani C.
2023

Abstract

Background: In children with an allergy to cow’s milk proteins (CMA), the altered composition of intestinal microbiota influences the immune tolerance to milk proteins (CMP). This study aims to investigate the effect of probiotics on the phenotype and activation status of peripheral basophils and lymphocytes in a pediatric CMA cohort. Methods: CMA children underwent 45 days of treatment with Bifidobacteria. The basophil degranulation and the immune phenotype of B cells, T helper cells, and regulatory T cells were analyzed in peripheral blood at diagnosis (T0), after a 45-day probiotic treatment (T1), and 45 days after the probiotic wash-out (T2). Results: We observed in probiotic-treated CMA patients a decrease in naive T lymphocytes. Among the CD3+ cell subsets, both naive and activated CD4+ cells resulted markedly reduced after taking probiotics, with the lowest percentages at T2. A decreased basophil degranulation was observed in response to all analyzed CMP at T1 compared to T0. Conclusions: The probiotic treatment resulted in a decrease of circulating naive and activated CD4+ T cells, as well as degranulating basophils. These data suggest that the Bifidobacteria could have a beneficial effect in the modulation of oral tolerance to CMP. Trial registration: ISRCTN69069358. URL of registration: https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN69069358. Impact: Probiotic treatment with Bifidobacteria induces a reduction of both naive and activated circulating CD4+ T cells in pediatric patients with cow’s milk allergy (CMA).The probiotic supplementation induces a decreased basophil degranulation.The immunological tolerance persists even after 45 days of the probiotic wash-out.Bifidobacteria in vivo supplementation down-modulates the activation of innate and adaptive immunity in pediatric patients with cow’s milk allergy.Bifidobacteria contribute to the development of immune tolerance in CMA patients.
2023
Bifidobacteria modulate immune response in pediatric patients with cow’s milk protein allergy / Strisciuglio, C.; Vitale, A.; Perna, F.; Garziano, F.; Dolce, P.; Vitale, S.; Micillo, T.; Oglio, F.; del Giudice, M. M.; Matarese, G.; Gianfrani, C.. - In: PEDIATRIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0031-3998. - 94:3(2023), pp. 1111-1118. [10.1038/s41390-023-02534-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/952883
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