Introduction: Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a mass-forming proliferation of myeloid blasts. Frequently, it arises as blast phase of pre-existing myeloproliferative, myelodysplastic disorders or consequent to bone marrow transplant. Its molecular characterization has become an increasingly important requirement for the diagnostic definition of this solid leukemia. Case presentation: Our case report concerns an MS arising in the breast of a woman with a previous diagnosis of JAK2-mutated essential thrombocythemia (Val617Phe exon 14p) mimicking, on histology, a lobular carcinoma of the breast. The immunohistochemical study of the neoplasm provided the key that solved the diagnostic doubt and the immunohistochemical evaluation of NPM protein expression, which turn out to be negative, provided a clear indication on the molecular status and prognosis of the disease. A year later, the neoplasm relapsed in the pelvic area. Discussion: This diagnostic challenge led us to review the literature of the past 10 years concerning MS of the breast. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case of MS of the breast occurring in a patient with a history of essential thrombocythemia and recurred in the pelvic region.

Myeloid Sarcoma of the Breast as Blast Phase of JAK2-Mutated (Val617Phe Exon 14p) Essential Thrombocythemia: A Case Report and a Systematic Literature Review / Pace, Mirella; Guadagno, Elia; Russo, Daniela; Gencarelli, Annarita; Carlea, Annunziata; Di Spiezio, Attilio; Bertuzzi, Clara; Mascolo, Massimo; Grimaldi, Francesco; Insabato, Luigi. - In: PATHOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1015-2008. - 90:2(2023), pp. 123-130. [10.1159/000525163]

Myeloid Sarcoma of the Breast as Blast Phase of JAK2-Mutated (Val617Phe Exon 14p) Essential Thrombocythemia: A Case Report and a Systematic Literature Review

Pace, Mirella;Guadagno, Elia;Russo, Daniela;Gencarelli, Annarita;Carlea, Annunziata;Di Spiezio, Attilio;Mascolo, Massimo;Insabato, Luigi
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a mass-forming proliferation of myeloid blasts. Frequently, it arises as blast phase of pre-existing myeloproliferative, myelodysplastic disorders or consequent to bone marrow transplant. Its molecular characterization has become an increasingly important requirement for the diagnostic definition of this solid leukemia. Case presentation: Our case report concerns an MS arising in the breast of a woman with a previous diagnosis of JAK2-mutated essential thrombocythemia (Val617Phe exon 14p) mimicking, on histology, a lobular carcinoma of the breast. The immunohistochemical study of the neoplasm provided the key that solved the diagnostic doubt and the immunohistochemical evaluation of NPM protein expression, which turn out to be negative, provided a clear indication on the molecular status and prognosis of the disease. A year later, the neoplasm relapsed in the pelvic area. Discussion: This diagnostic challenge led us to review the literature of the past 10 years concerning MS of the breast. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case of MS of the breast occurring in a patient with a history of essential thrombocythemia and recurred in the pelvic region.
2023
Myeloid Sarcoma of the Breast as Blast Phase of JAK2-Mutated (Val617Phe Exon 14p) Essential Thrombocythemia: A Case Report and a Systematic Literature Review / Pace, Mirella; Guadagno, Elia; Russo, Daniela; Gencarelli, Annarita; Carlea, Annunziata; Di Spiezio, Attilio; Bertuzzi, Clara; Mascolo, Massimo; Grimaldi, Francesco; Insabato, Luigi. - In: PATHOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1015-2008. - 90:2(2023), pp. 123-130. [10.1159/000525163]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/921011
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