The decarbonization of the energy industry is essential to achieve a future net-zero energy system. To maximize the capacity of citizens to contribute to the clean energy transition, sustainable energy technologies are mandatory. Accordingly, the development of nearly-zero energy districts and communities is up-to-date, and, about it, the net-zero energy goal requires a challenging combination of building design and retrofit, renewable energy sources, energy storage systems. This manuscript investigates several alternative solutions for a shared energy system, to turn a 29-building social housing district in Naples, Southern Italy, in a nearly zero-energy community. The method is quite articulated, based on various numerical approaches, applied by the cycling use of many programs, namely: DesignBuilder® for the building modeling, EnergyPlus as simulation tool, and MATLAB® as optimization engine. A sustainability index based on emissions is introduced. A first optimization is carried out to maximize the sustainability index of the energy community, with a brute-force algorithm used to investigate several design variables, that address building envelopes, energy systems, renewables, electric storage, and operation strategies, resulting in 2,224,044 solutions explored. A second multi-objective optimization is then performed on a limited number of solutions, to evaluate not only the energy-environmental aspects but also the economic ones. The analyzed solutions have a minimum sustainability level equal to 85% and it shows a suitable combination of common buildings retrofit measures. Finally,in order to be able to achieve generalizable results, possible energy and economic targets are outlined: sustainability levels of 85%, 90%, and 95% with an investment budget of up to 150–200 €/m2.

Optimizing the energy transition of social housing to renewable nearly zero-energy community: The goal of sustainability / Aruta, G.; Ascione, F.; Bianco, N.; Iovane, T.; Mastellone, M.; Maria Mauro, G.. - In: ENERGY AND BUILDINGS. - ISSN 0378-7788. - 282:(2023), p. 112798. [10.1016/j.enbuild.2023.112798]

Optimizing the energy transition of social housing to renewable nearly zero-energy community: The goal of sustainability

Aruta G.;Ascione F.
;
Bianco N.;Iovane T.;Mastellone M.;
2023

Abstract

The decarbonization of the energy industry is essential to achieve a future net-zero energy system. To maximize the capacity of citizens to contribute to the clean energy transition, sustainable energy technologies are mandatory. Accordingly, the development of nearly-zero energy districts and communities is up-to-date, and, about it, the net-zero energy goal requires a challenging combination of building design and retrofit, renewable energy sources, energy storage systems. This manuscript investigates several alternative solutions for a shared energy system, to turn a 29-building social housing district in Naples, Southern Italy, in a nearly zero-energy community. The method is quite articulated, based on various numerical approaches, applied by the cycling use of many programs, namely: DesignBuilder® for the building modeling, EnergyPlus as simulation tool, and MATLAB® as optimization engine. A sustainability index based on emissions is introduced. A first optimization is carried out to maximize the sustainability index of the energy community, with a brute-force algorithm used to investigate several design variables, that address building envelopes, energy systems, renewables, electric storage, and operation strategies, resulting in 2,224,044 solutions explored. A second multi-objective optimization is then performed on a limited number of solutions, to evaluate not only the energy-environmental aspects but also the economic ones. The analyzed solutions have a minimum sustainability level equal to 85% and it shows a suitable combination of common buildings retrofit measures. Finally,in order to be able to achieve generalizable results, possible energy and economic targets are outlined: sustainability levels of 85%, 90%, and 95% with an investment budget of up to 150–200 €/m2.
2023
Optimizing the energy transition of social housing to renewable nearly zero-energy community: The goal of sustainability / Aruta, G.; Ascione, F.; Bianco, N.; Iovane, T.; Mastellone, M.; Maria Mauro, G.. - In: ENERGY AND BUILDINGS. - ISSN 0378-7788. - 282:(2023), p. 112798. [10.1016/j.enbuild.2023.112798]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/920449
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