: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most frequent genetic diseases, caused by dysfunction of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel. CF particularly affects the epithelium of the respiratory system. Therapies aim at rescuing CFTR defects in the epithelium, but CF genetic heterogeneity hinders the finding of a single and generally effective treatment. Therefore, in vitro models have been developed to study CF and guide patient therapy. Here, we show a CF model on-chip by coupling the feasibility of the human bronchial epithelium differentiated in vitro at the air-liquid interface and the innovation of microfluidics. We demonstrate that the dynamic flow enhanced cilia distribution and increased mucus quantity, thus promoting tissue differentiation in a short time. The microfluidic devices highlighted differences between CF and non-CF epithelia, as shown by electrophysiological measures, mucus quantity, viscosity, and the analysis of ciliary beat frequency. The described model on-chip may be a handy instrument for studying CF and setting up therapies. As a proof of principle, we administrated the corrector VX-809 on-chip and observed a decrease in mucus thickness and viscosity.

Easy-to-Build and Reusable Microfluidic Device for the Dynamic Culture of Human Bronchial Cystic Fibrosis Epithelia / Mazio, Claudia; Scognamiglio, Laura S; Passariello, Roberta; Panzetta, Valeria; Casale, Costantino; Urciuolo, Francesco; Galietta, Luis Juan Vicente; Imparato, Giorgia; Netti, Paolo A. - In: ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2373-9878. - 9:5(2023), pp. 2780-2792. [10.1021/acsbiomaterials.2c01460]

Easy-to-Build and Reusable Microfluidic Device for the Dynamic Culture of Human Bronchial Cystic Fibrosis Epithelia

Scognamiglio, Laura S;Passariello, Roberta;Panzetta, Valeria;Urciuolo, Francesco;Galietta, Luis Juan Vicente;Netti, Paolo A
2023

Abstract

: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most frequent genetic diseases, caused by dysfunction of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel. CF particularly affects the epithelium of the respiratory system. Therapies aim at rescuing CFTR defects in the epithelium, but CF genetic heterogeneity hinders the finding of a single and generally effective treatment. Therefore, in vitro models have been developed to study CF and guide patient therapy. Here, we show a CF model on-chip by coupling the feasibility of the human bronchial epithelium differentiated in vitro at the air-liquid interface and the innovation of microfluidics. We demonstrate that the dynamic flow enhanced cilia distribution and increased mucus quantity, thus promoting tissue differentiation in a short time. The microfluidic devices highlighted differences between CF and non-CF epithelia, as shown by electrophysiological measures, mucus quantity, viscosity, and the analysis of ciliary beat frequency. The described model on-chip may be a handy instrument for studying CF and setting up therapies. As a proof of principle, we administrated the corrector VX-809 on-chip and observed a decrease in mucus thickness and viscosity.
2023
Easy-to-Build and Reusable Microfluidic Device for the Dynamic Culture of Human Bronchial Cystic Fibrosis Epithelia / Mazio, Claudia; Scognamiglio, Laura S; Passariello, Roberta; Panzetta, Valeria; Casale, Costantino; Urciuolo, Francesco; Galietta, Luis Juan Vicente; Imparato, Giorgia; Netti, Paolo A. - In: ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2373-9878. - 9:5(2023), pp. 2780-2792. [10.1021/acsbiomaterials.2c01460]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/919804
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