: Antibody-based cancer immunotherapy includes monoclonals against immune checkpoints (ICs), to modulate specific T cell responses against cancer. NK cells are a newly emerging target for immune checkpoint receptor inhibition in cancer immunotherapy, as ICs are also expressed on NK cells in various cancers. The latter cells are becoming attractive targets for cancer immunotherapy, as they are effector cells similar to CTLs, exerting natural cytotoxicity against primary tumor cells and metastasis, and they are able to distinguish tumor cells from healthy ones, leading to more specific anti-tumor cytotoxicity and reduced off-target effects. Thus, we decided to test the effects on isolated NK cells and T cell subpopulations of novel immunomodulatory mAbs, recently generated in our lab, in comparison with those in clinical use, such as ipilimumab and atezolizumab. Interestingly, we found that the novel anti-CTLA-4 (ID-1) and anti-PD-L1 (PD-L1_1) antibodies are able to induce NK cell activation and exert anti-tumor effects on TNBC cells co-cultured with NK cells more efficiently than the clinically validated ones, either when used as single agents or in combinatorial treatments. On the other hand, ipilimumab was found to be more effective in activating T cells with respect to ID-1. These findings indicate that antibodies targeting different epitopes can have differential effects on different lymphocytes subpopulations and that novel combinations of mAbs could be suitable for therapeutic approaches aimed at activating not only T cells but also NK cells, especially for tumors lacking MHC.

New Insights on the Role of Anti-PD-L1 and Anti-CTLA-4 mAbs on Different Lymphocytes Subpopulations in TNBC / Lembo, R. R.; Manna, L.; Froechlich, G.; Sasso, E.; Passariello, M.; De Lorenzo, C.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:21(2022), p. 5289. [10.3390/cancers14215289]

New Insights on the Role of Anti-PD-L1 and Anti-CTLA-4 mAbs on Different Lymphocytes Subpopulations in TNBC

Manna L.
Investigation
;
Froechlich G.
Methodology
;
Sasso E.
Methodology
;
Passariello M.
Investigation
;
De Lorenzo C.
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

: Antibody-based cancer immunotherapy includes monoclonals against immune checkpoints (ICs), to modulate specific T cell responses against cancer. NK cells are a newly emerging target for immune checkpoint receptor inhibition in cancer immunotherapy, as ICs are also expressed on NK cells in various cancers. The latter cells are becoming attractive targets for cancer immunotherapy, as they are effector cells similar to CTLs, exerting natural cytotoxicity against primary tumor cells and metastasis, and they are able to distinguish tumor cells from healthy ones, leading to more specific anti-tumor cytotoxicity and reduced off-target effects. Thus, we decided to test the effects on isolated NK cells and T cell subpopulations of novel immunomodulatory mAbs, recently generated in our lab, in comparison with those in clinical use, such as ipilimumab and atezolizumab. Interestingly, we found that the novel anti-CTLA-4 (ID-1) and anti-PD-L1 (PD-L1_1) antibodies are able to induce NK cell activation and exert anti-tumor effects on TNBC cells co-cultured with NK cells more efficiently than the clinically validated ones, either when used as single agents or in combinatorial treatments. On the other hand, ipilimumab was found to be more effective in activating T cells with respect to ID-1. These findings indicate that antibodies targeting different epitopes can have differential effects on different lymphocytes subpopulations and that novel combinations of mAbs could be suitable for therapeutic approaches aimed at activating not only T cells but also NK cells, especially for tumors lacking MHC.
2022
New Insights on the Role of Anti-PD-L1 and Anti-CTLA-4 mAbs on Different Lymphocytes Subpopulations in TNBC / Lembo, R. R.; Manna, L.; Froechlich, G.; Sasso, E.; Passariello, M.; De Lorenzo, C.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:21(2022), p. 5289. [10.3390/cancers14215289]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/913498
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