: Skeletal muscle is a key energy-regulating organ, skilled in rapidly boosting the rate of energy production and substrate consumption following increased workload demand. The alteration of skeletal muscle metabolism is directly associated with numerous pathologies and disorders. Thyroid hormones (THs) and their receptors (TRs, namely, TRα and TRβ) exert pleiotropic functions in almost all cells and tissues. Skeletal muscle is a major THs-target tissue and alterations of THs levels have multiple influences on the latter. However, the biological role of THs and TRs in orchestrating metabolic pathways in skeletal muscle has only recently started to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the muscle metabolic response to TRs abrogation, by using two different mouse models of global TRα- and TRβKO. In line with the clinical features of resistance to THs syndromes in humans, characterized by THRs gene mutations, both animal models of TRs deficiency exhibit developmental delay and mitochondrial dysfunctions. Moreover, using transcriptomic and metabolomic approaches, we found that the TRs-THs complex regulates the Fatty Acids (FAs)-binding protein GOT2, affecting FAs oxidation and transport in skeletal muscle. In conclusion, these results underline a new metabolic role of THs in governing muscle lipids distribution and metabolism.

Thyroid Hormone Receptor Isoforms Alpha and Beta Play Convergent Roles in Muscle Physiology and Metabolic Regulation / Nappi, Annarita; Murolo, Melania; Cicatiello, ANNUNZIATA GAETANA; Sagliocchi, Serena; Di Cicco, Emery; Raia, Maddalena; Stornaiuolo, Mariano; Dentice, Monica; Miro, Caterina. - In: METABOLITES. - ISSN 2218-1989. - 12:5(2022), p. 405. [10.3390/metabo12050405]

Thyroid Hormone Receptor Isoforms Alpha and Beta Play Convergent Roles in Muscle Physiology and Metabolic Regulation

Annarita Nappi;Melania Murolo;Annunziata Gaetana Cicatiello;Serena Sagliocchi;Emery Di Cicco;Maddalena Raia;Mariano Stornaiuolo;Monica Dentice;Caterina Miro
2022

Abstract

: Skeletal muscle is a key energy-regulating organ, skilled in rapidly boosting the rate of energy production and substrate consumption following increased workload demand. The alteration of skeletal muscle metabolism is directly associated with numerous pathologies and disorders. Thyroid hormones (THs) and their receptors (TRs, namely, TRα and TRβ) exert pleiotropic functions in almost all cells and tissues. Skeletal muscle is a major THs-target tissue and alterations of THs levels have multiple influences on the latter. However, the biological role of THs and TRs in orchestrating metabolic pathways in skeletal muscle has only recently started to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the muscle metabolic response to TRs abrogation, by using two different mouse models of global TRα- and TRβKO. In line with the clinical features of resistance to THs syndromes in humans, characterized by THRs gene mutations, both animal models of TRs deficiency exhibit developmental delay and mitochondrial dysfunctions. Moreover, using transcriptomic and metabolomic approaches, we found that the TRs-THs complex regulates the Fatty Acids (FAs)-binding protein GOT2, affecting FAs oxidation and transport in skeletal muscle. In conclusion, these results underline a new metabolic role of THs in governing muscle lipids distribution and metabolism.
2022
Thyroid Hormone Receptor Isoforms Alpha and Beta Play Convergent Roles in Muscle Physiology and Metabolic Regulation / Nappi, Annarita; Murolo, Melania; Cicatiello, ANNUNZIATA GAETANA; Sagliocchi, Serena; Di Cicco, Emery; Raia, Maddalena; Stornaiuolo, Mariano; Dentice, Monica; Miro, Caterina. - In: METABOLITES. - ISSN 2218-1989. - 12:5(2022), p. 405. [10.3390/metabo12050405]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/906625
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