Lignocellulosic materials (LCM) have garnered attention as feedstocks for second-generation biofuels and platform chemicals. With an estimated annual production of nearly 200 billion tons, LCM represent an abundant source of clean, renewable, and sustainable carbon that can be funneled to numerous biofuels and platform chemicals by sustainable microbial bioprocessing. However, the low bioavailability of LCMdue to the recalcitrant nature of plant cell components, the complexity and compositional heterogeneity of LCM monomers, and the limited metabolic flexibility of wild-type product-forming microorganisms to simultaneously utilize various LCM monomers are major roadblocks. Several innovative strategies have been proposed recently to counter these issues and expedite the widespread commercialization of biorefineries using LCMas feedstocks. Herein, we critically summarize the recent advances in the biological valorization of LCMto value-added products. The review focuses on the progress achieved in the development of strategies that boost efficiency indicators such as yield and selectivity, minimize carbon losses via integrated biorefinery concepts, facilitate carbon co-metabolism and carbon-flux redirection towards targeted products using recently engineered microorganisms, and address specific product-related challenges, to provide perspectives on future research needs and developments. The strategies and views presented here could guide future studies in developing feasible and economically sustainable LCM-based biorefineries as a crucial node in achieving carbon neutrality.

Recent progress and challenges in biotechnological valorization of lignocellulosic materials: Towards sustainable biofuels and platform chemicals synthesis

Samuel Gyebi Arhin
;
Alessandra Cesaro;Francesco Di Capua;Giovanni Esposito
2023

Abstract

Lignocellulosic materials (LCM) have garnered attention as feedstocks for second-generation biofuels and platform chemicals. With an estimated annual production of nearly 200 billion tons, LCM represent an abundant source of clean, renewable, and sustainable carbon that can be funneled to numerous biofuels and platform chemicals by sustainable microbial bioprocessing. However, the low bioavailability of LCMdue to the recalcitrant nature of plant cell components, the complexity and compositional heterogeneity of LCM monomers, and the limited metabolic flexibility of wild-type product-forming microorganisms to simultaneously utilize various LCM monomers are major roadblocks. Several innovative strategies have been proposed recently to counter these issues and expedite the widespread commercialization of biorefineries using LCMas feedstocks. Herein, we critically summarize the recent advances in the biological valorization of LCMto value-added products. The review focuses on the progress achieved in the development of strategies that boost efficiency indicators such as yield and selectivity, minimize carbon losses via integrated biorefinery concepts, facilitate carbon co-metabolism and carbon-flux redirection towards targeted products using recently engineered microorganisms, and address specific product-related challenges, to provide perspectives on future research needs and developments. The strategies and views presented here could guide future studies in developing feasible and economically sustainable LCM-based biorefineries as a crucial node in achieving carbon neutrality.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/901880
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