Araujia hortorum is a perennial vining plant species native to South America. It was introduced into many countries for ornamental and medicinal purposes as well as for its edible fruits, but it has become highly invasive, generating severe environmental problems. Biological control using bioherbicides and natural compounds is an interesting control option. The pathogenic fungus Ascochyta araujiae, isolated from infected leaves of A. hortorum, could be considered as a potential biocontrol agent. Its ability to produce bioactive metabolites was studied. The organic extract of the fungal culture filtrates showed interesting phytotoxic activities consisting of clearly visible necrotic symptoms (0.5-1 cm in diameter) in the punctured leaves. Thus, it was purified; this afforded three main metabolites. These were chemically and biologically characterised: one proved to be a new pentasubstituted dihydrofuro[3,2-b]furan-2(5H)-one, named araufuranone (1). The others were the already known fungal metabolites neovasinin and 2,4-dihydroxy-6-hydoxymethylbenzaldehyde (2 and 3). The structure of araufuranone was determined using spectroscopic methods (essentially 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR and HR ESIMS spectra); its relative configuration was assigned by a NOESY spectrum. To the best of our knowledge, araufuranone is the first example of a naturally occurring compound showing that carbon skeleton. Assayed by a puncture, araufuranone proved to be weakly active on the leaves of Diplotaxis sp. and Sonchus sp.; the other two metabolites were even less toxic. Tested on cress, compounds 2 and 3 were able to partially inhibit rootlet elongation whereas araufuranone was almost inactive.

Araufuranone: A New Phytotoxic Tetrasubstituted Dihydrofuro[3,2-b]furan-2(5H)-One Isolated from Ascochyta araujiae

Masi, Marco
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2022

Abstract

Araujia hortorum is a perennial vining plant species native to South America. It was introduced into many countries for ornamental and medicinal purposes as well as for its edible fruits, but it has become highly invasive, generating severe environmental problems. Biological control using bioherbicides and natural compounds is an interesting control option. The pathogenic fungus Ascochyta araujiae, isolated from infected leaves of A. hortorum, could be considered as a potential biocontrol agent. Its ability to produce bioactive metabolites was studied. The organic extract of the fungal culture filtrates showed interesting phytotoxic activities consisting of clearly visible necrotic symptoms (0.5-1 cm in diameter) in the punctured leaves. Thus, it was purified; this afforded three main metabolites. These were chemically and biologically characterised: one proved to be a new pentasubstituted dihydrofuro[3,2-b]furan-2(5H)-one, named araufuranone (1). The others were the already known fungal metabolites neovasinin and 2,4-dihydroxy-6-hydoxymethylbenzaldehyde (2 and 3). The structure of araufuranone was determined using spectroscopic methods (essentially 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR and HR ESIMS spectra); its relative configuration was assigned by a NOESY spectrum. To the best of our knowledge, araufuranone is the first example of a naturally occurring compound showing that carbon skeleton. Assayed by a puncture, araufuranone proved to be weakly active on the leaves of Diplotaxis sp. and Sonchus sp.; the other two metabolites were even less toxic. Tested on cress, compounds 2 and 3 were able to partially inhibit rootlet elongation whereas araufuranone was almost inactive.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/900748
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