Animal glues are widely used in restoration as adhesives, binders, and consolidants for organic and inorganic materials. Their variable performances are intrinsically linked to the adhesive properties of collagen, which determine the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of the glue. We have molecularly characterized the protein components of a range of homemade and commercial glues using mass spectrometry techniques. A shotgun proteomic analysis provided animal origin, even when blended, and allowed us to distinguish between hide and bone glue on the basis of the presence of collagen type III, which is abundant in connective skin/leather tissues and poorly synthetized in bones. Furthermore, chemical modifications, a consequence of the preparation protocols from the original animal tissue, were thoroughly evaluated. Deamidation, methionine oxidation, and backbone cleavage have been analyzed as major collagen modifications, demonstrating their variability among different glues and showing that, on average, bone glues are less deamidated than hide glues, but more fragmented, and mixed-collagen glues are overall less deamidated than pure glues. We believe that these data may be of general analytical interest in the characterization of collagen-based materials and may help restorers in the selection of the most appropriate materials to be used in conservation treatments.

Proteomic Characterization of Collagen-Based Animal Glues for Restoration

Ntasi, Georgia
Primo
;
Sbriglia, Sara;Pitocchi, Rossana;Melchiorre, Chiara;Carpentieri, Andrea;Marino, Gennaro;Birolo, Leila
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Animal glues are widely used in restoration as adhesives, binders, and consolidants for organic and inorganic materials. Their variable performances are intrinsically linked to the adhesive properties of collagen, which determine the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of the glue. We have molecularly characterized the protein components of a range of homemade and commercial glues using mass spectrometry techniques. A shotgun proteomic analysis provided animal origin, even when blended, and allowed us to distinguish between hide and bone glue on the basis of the presence of collagen type III, which is abundant in connective skin/leather tissues and poorly synthetized in bones. Furthermore, chemical modifications, a consequence of the preparation protocols from the original animal tissue, were thoroughly evaluated. Deamidation, methionine oxidation, and backbone cleavage have been analyzed as major collagen modifications, demonstrating their variability among different glues and showing that, on average, bone glues are less deamidated than hide glues, but more fragmented, and mixed-collagen glues are overall less deamidated than pure glues. We believe that these data may be of general analytical interest in the characterization of collagen-based materials and may help restorers in the selection of the most appropriate materials to be used in conservation treatments.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/892801
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