Purpose: To design, fabricate and characterize 3D printed, anatomically realistic, compressed breast phantoms for digital mammography (DM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) x-ray imaging. Materials: We realized 3D printed phantoms simulating healthy breasts, via fused deposition modeling (FDM), with a layer resolution of 0.1 mm and 100% infill density, using a dual extruder printer. The digital models were derived from a public dataset of segmented clinical breast computed tomography scans. Three physical phantoms were printed in polyethylene terephthalate (PET), acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS), or in polylactic-acid (PLA) materials, using ABS as a substitute for adipose tissue, and PLA or PET filaments for replicating glandular and skin tissues. 3D printed phantoms were imaged at three clinical centers with DM and DBT scanners, using typical spectra. Anatomical noise of the manufactured phantoms was evaluated via the estimates of the β parameter both in DM images and in images acquired via a clinical computed tomography (CT) scanner. Results: DM and DBT phantom images showed an inner texture qualitatively similar to the images of a clinical DM or DBT exam, suitably reproducing the glandular structure of their computational phantoms. β parameters evaluated in DM images of the manufactured phantoms ranged between 2.84 and 3.79; a lower β was calculated from the CT scan. Conclusions: FDM 3D printed compressed breast phantoms have been fabricated using ABS, PLA and PET filaments. DM and DBT images with clinical x-ray spectra showed realistic textures. These phantoms appear promising for clinical applications in quality assurance, image quality and dosimetry assessments.

Fabrication of 3D printed patient-derived anthropomorphic breast phantoms for mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis: Imaging assessment with clinical X-ray spectra / Varallo, Antonio; Sarno, Antonio; Castriconi, Roberta; Mazzilli, Aldo; Loria, Alessandro; del Vecchio, Antonella; Orientale, Antonio; Pilotti, Immacolata A. M.; D'Andria, Pasquale; Bliznakova, Kristina; Ricciardi, Roberta; Mettivier, Giovanni; Russo, Paolo. - In: PHYSICA MEDICA. - ISSN 1120-1797. - 98:(2022), pp. 88-97. [10.1016/j.ejmp.2022.04.006]

Fabrication of 3D printed patient-derived anthropomorphic breast phantoms for mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis: Imaging assessment with clinical X-ray spectra

Sarno, Antonio;Castriconi, Roberta;Mettivier, Giovanni
;
Russo, Paolo
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To design, fabricate and characterize 3D printed, anatomically realistic, compressed breast phantoms for digital mammography (DM) and digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) x-ray imaging. Materials: We realized 3D printed phantoms simulating healthy breasts, via fused deposition modeling (FDM), with a layer resolution of 0.1 mm and 100% infill density, using a dual extruder printer. The digital models were derived from a public dataset of segmented clinical breast computed tomography scans. Three physical phantoms were printed in polyethylene terephthalate (PET), acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS), or in polylactic-acid (PLA) materials, using ABS as a substitute for adipose tissue, and PLA or PET filaments for replicating glandular and skin tissues. 3D printed phantoms were imaged at three clinical centers with DM and DBT scanners, using typical spectra. Anatomical noise of the manufactured phantoms was evaluated via the estimates of the β parameter both in DM images and in images acquired via a clinical computed tomography (CT) scanner. Results: DM and DBT phantom images showed an inner texture qualitatively similar to the images of a clinical DM or DBT exam, suitably reproducing the glandular structure of their computational phantoms. β parameters evaluated in DM images of the manufactured phantoms ranged between 2.84 and 3.79; a lower β was calculated from the CT scan. Conclusions: FDM 3D printed compressed breast phantoms have been fabricated using ABS, PLA and PET filaments. DM and DBT images with clinical x-ray spectra showed realistic textures. These phantoms appear promising for clinical applications in quality assurance, image quality and dosimetry assessments.
2022
Fabrication of 3D printed patient-derived anthropomorphic breast phantoms for mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis: Imaging assessment with clinical X-ray spectra / Varallo, Antonio; Sarno, Antonio; Castriconi, Roberta; Mazzilli, Aldo; Loria, Alessandro; del Vecchio, Antonella; Orientale, Antonio; Pilotti, Immacolata A. M.; D'Andria, Pasquale; Bliznakova, Kristina; Ricciardi, Roberta; Mettivier, Giovanni; Russo, Paolo. - In: PHYSICA MEDICA. - ISSN 1120-1797. - 98:(2022), pp. 88-97. [10.1016/j.ejmp.2022.04.006]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/884579
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