Oxylipins are signaling molecules originated by fatty acids that modulate vascular and bronchial tone, bronchial secretion, cytokine production and immune cell activity. The unbalanced production of pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving (i.e., anti-inflammatory) oxylipins has a relevant role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary inflammation like in cystic fibrosis (CF). We analyzed by LC-MRM/MS 65 oxylipins and 4 fatty acids in resting saliva from 69 patients with CF and 50 healthy subjects (controls). The salivary levels of 48/65 oxylipins were significantly different between CF patients and controls. Among these, EpETE, DHET, 6ketoPGE1 and HDHA were significantly higher in saliva from CF patients than in controls. All these molecules display anti-inflammatory effects, i.e., releasing of bronchial and vascular tone, modulation of cytokine release. While 20-hydroxyPGF2A, PGB2, EpDPE, 9 K-12-ELA, bicyclo-PGE2, oleic acid, LTC4, linoleic acid, 15oxoEDE, 20 hydroxyPGE2 and DHK-PGD2/PGE2 (mostly associated to pro-inflammatory effects) resulted significantly lower in CF patients than in controls. Our data suggest that the salivary oxylipins profile in CF patients is addressed toward a global anti-inflammatory effect. Although these findings need be confirmed on larger populations in prospective studies, they will contribute to better understand the pathogenesis of CF chronic inflammation and to drive targeted therapies based on the modulation of oxylipins synthesis and degradation.

Oxylipin profile in saliva from patients with cystic fibrosis reveals a balance between pro-resolving and pro-inflammatory molecules

Carnovale V.;Di Minno A.;Gelzo M.;Iacotucci P.;Illiano A.;Pinto G.;Castaldo G.
;
Amoresano A.
2022

Abstract

Oxylipins are signaling molecules originated by fatty acids that modulate vascular and bronchial tone, bronchial secretion, cytokine production and immune cell activity. The unbalanced production of pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving (i.e., anti-inflammatory) oxylipins has a relevant role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary inflammation like in cystic fibrosis (CF). We analyzed by LC-MRM/MS 65 oxylipins and 4 fatty acids in resting saliva from 69 patients with CF and 50 healthy subjects (controls). The salivary levels of 48/65 oxylipins were significantly different between CF patients and controls. Among these, EpETE, DHET, 6ketoPGE1 and HDHA were significantly higher in saliva from CF patients than in controls. All these molecules display anti-inflammatory effects, i.e., releasing of bronchial and vascular tone, modulation of cytokine release. While 20-hydroxyPGF2A, PGB2, EpDPE, 9 K-12-ELA, bicyclo-PGE2, oleic acid, LTC4, linoleic acid, 15oxoEDE, 20 hydroxyPGE2 and DHK-PGD2/PGE2 (mostly associated to pro-inflammatory effects) resulted significantly lower in CF patients than in controls. Our data suggest that the salivary oxylipins profile in CF patients is addressed toward a global anti-inflammatory effect. Although these findings need be confirmed on larger populations in prospective studies, they will contribute to better understand the pathogenesis of CF chronic inflammation and to drive targeted therapies based on the modulation of oxylipins synthesis and degradation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/884502
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