The natural human telomeric G-quadruplex (G4) sequence d(GGGTTAGGGTTAGGGTTA GGG) HT21 was extensively utilized as a G4 DNA-based catalytic system for enantioselective reactions. Nine oligonucleotides (ODNs) based on this sequence and containing 8-bromo-2′-deoxyadenosine (ABr), 8-oxo-2′-deoxyadenosine (Aoxo) or β-L-2′-deoxyadenosine (AL) at different single loop po-sitions were investigated to evaluate their performances as DNA catalysts in an enantioselective sulfoxidation reaction of thioanisole. The substitution of an adenosine in the loops of HT21 with these modified residues had a negligible impact on the G4 DNA structural features, thermal stability, and catalytic activity, since almost all investigated ODNs were able to form G-quadruplexes strictly resembling that of HT21 and catalyze a full conversion of the thioanisole substrate. More marked effects were obtained in chiral selectivity of G4 DNA metalloenzymes, considering that in most cases the DNA-modified catalysts induced lower enantioselectivities compared to the natural one. However, the HT21 derivative containing an AL residue in the first loop sequence significantly proved to be capable of producing about 84% enantiomeric excess, the highest enantioselectivity for DNA-based oxidation reaction to date

Discovering New G-Quadruplex DNA Catalysts in Enantioselective Sulfoxidation Reaction

Carmen Festa
Primo
;
Veronica Esposito
Secondo
;
Daniela Benigno;Simona De Marino;Angela Zampella;Antonella Virgilio
Penultimo
;
Aldo Galeone
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The natural human telomeric G-quadruplex (G4) sequence d(GGGTTAGGGTTAGGGTTA GGG) HT21 was extensively utilized as a G4 DNA-based catalytic system for enantioselective reactions. Nine oligonucleotides (ODNs) based on this sequence and containing 8-bromo-2′-deoxyadenosine (ABr), 8-oxo-2′-deoxyadenosine (Aoxo) or β-L-2′-deoxyadenosine (AL) at different single loop po-sitions were investigated to evaluate their performances as DNA catalysts in an enantioselective sulfoxidation reaction of thioanisole. The substitution of an adenosine in the loops of HT21 with these modified residues had a negligible impact on the G4 DNA structural features, thermal stability, and catalytic activity, since almost all investigated ODNs were able to form G-quadruplexes strictly resembling that of HT21 and catalyze a full conversion of the thioanisole substrate. More marked effects were obtained in chiral selectivity of G4 DNA metalloenzymes, considering that in most cases the DNA-modified catalysts induced lower enantioselectivities compared to the natural one. However, the HT21 derivative containing an AL residue in the first loop sequence significantly proved to be capable of producing about 84% enantiomeric excess, the highest enantioselectivity for DNA-based oxidation reaction to date
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/870274
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