Background and aims: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a complex NAD+ -dependent protein deacetylase known to act as a tumor promoter or suppressor in different cancers. Here, we describe a novel mechanism of SIRT1-induced destabilization of primary cilia in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Approach and results: A significant overexpression of SIRT1 was detected in human CCA specimens, and CCA cells including, HuCCT1, KMCH, and WITT1 as compared to normal cholangiocytes (H69 and NHC). siRNA-mediated knockdown of SIRT1 in HuCCT1 cells induced cilia formation while, overexpression of SIRT1 in normal cholangiocytes suppressed ciliary expression. Activity of SIRT1 was regulated by presence of NAD+ in CCA cells. Inhibition of NAD+ producing enzyme Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) increased ciliary length and frequency in CCA cells and in SIRT1 overexpressed H69 cells. Furthermore, we also noted that SIRT1 induces the proteasomal mediated degradation of ciliary proteins including α-Tubulin, ARL13B and KIF3A. Moreover, overexpression of SIRT1 in H69 and NHC cells significantly induced cell proliferation and conversely, SIRT1 inhibition in HuCCT1 and KMCH cells using siRNA or sirtinol, reduced cell proliferation. In an orthotopic transplantation rat CCA model, the SIRT1 inhibitor sirtinol reduced tumor size and tumorigenic proteins (Gli1, p-Erk, and IL-6) expression. Conclusion: In conclusion, these results reveal the tumorigenic role of SIRT1 via modulation of primary cilia formation and provide the rationale for developing therapeutic approaches for CCA utilizing SIRT1 as a target. Keywords: Cholangiocarcin

Histone Deacetylase SIRT1 promotes loss of primary cilia in Cholangiocarcinoma

Carotenuto, Pietro;Franco, Brunella;
2021

Abstract

Background and aims: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a complex NAD+ -dependent protein deacetylase known to act as a tumor promoter or suppressor in different cancers. Here, we describe a novel mechanism of SIRT1-induced destabilization of primary cilia in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Approach and results: A significant overexpression of SIRT1 was detected in human CCA specimens, and CCA cells including, HuCCT1, KMCH, and WITT1 as compared to normal cholangiocytes (H69 and NHC). siRNA-mediated knockdown of SIRT1 in HuCCT1 cells induced cilia formation while, overexpression of SIRT1 in normal cholangiocytes suppressed ciliary expression. Activity of SIRT1 was regulated by presence of NAD+ in CCA cells. Inhibition of NAD+ producing enzyme Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) increased ciliary length and frequency in CCA cells and in SIRT1 overexpressed H69 cells. Furthermore, we also noted that SIRT1 induces the proteasomal mediated degradation of ciliary proteins including α-Tubulin, ARL13B and KIF3A. Moreover, overexpression of SIRT1 in H69 and NHC cells significantly induced cell proliferation and conversely, SIRT1 inhibition in HuCCT1 and KMCH cells using siRNA or sirtinol, reduced cell proliferation. In an orthotopic transplantation rat CCA model, the SIRT1 inhibitor sirtinol reduced tumor size and tumorigenic proteins (Gli1, p-Erk, and IL-6) expression. Conclusion: In conclusion, these results reveal the tumorigenic role of SIRT1 via modulation of primary cilia formation and provide the rationale for developing therapeutic approaches for CCA utilizing SIRT1 as a target. Keywords: Cholangiocarcin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/855140
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