In recent decades, intensive crop management has involved excessive use of pesticides or fertilizers, compromising environmental integrity and public health. Accordingly, there has been worldwide pressure to find an eco-friendly and safe strategy to ensure agricultural productivity. Among alternative approaches, Plant Growth-Promoting (PGP) rhizobacteria are receiving increasing attention as suitable biocontrol agents against agricultural pests. In the present study, 22 spore-forming bacteria were selected among a salt-pan rhizobacteria collection for their PGP traits and their antagonistic activity against the plant pathogen fungus Macrophomina phaseolina. Based on the higher antifungal activity, strain RHFS10, identified as Bacillus vallismortis, was further examined and cell-free supernatant assays, column purification, and tandem mass spectrometry were employed to purify and preliminarily identify the antifungal metabolites. Interestingly, the minimum inhibitory concentration assessed for the fractions active against M. phaseolina was 10 times lower and more stable than the one estimated for the commercial fungicide pentachloronitrobenzene. These results suggest the use of B. vallismortis strain RHFS10 as a potential plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria as an alternative to chemical pesticides to efficiently control the phytopathogenic fungus M. phaseolina.

Plant growth promotion function of bacillus sp. Strains isolated from salt-pan rhizosphere and their biocontrol potential against macrophomina phaseolina / Castaldi, S.; Petrillo, C.; Donadio, G.; Piaz, F. D.; Cimmino, A.; Masi, M.; Evidente, A.; Isticato, R.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 22:7(2021), p. 3324. [10.3390/ijms22073324]

Plant growth promotion function of bacillus sp. Strains isolated from salt-pan rhizosphere and their biocontrol potential against macrophomina phaseolina

Castaldi S.
Primo
;
Petrillo C.;Donadio G.;Cimmino A.;Masi M.;Evidente A.;Isticato R.
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

In recent decades, intensive crop management has involved excessive use of pesticides or fertilizers, compromising environmental integrity and public health. Accordingly, there has been worldwide pressure to find an eco-friendly and safe strategy to ensure agricultural productivity. Among alternative approaches, Plant Growth-Promoting (PGP) rhizobacteria are receiving increasing attention as suitable biocontrol agents against agricultural pests. In the present study, 22 spore-forming bacteria were selected among a salt-pan rhizobacteria collection for their PGP traits and their antagonistic activity against the plant pathogen fungus Macrophomina phaseolina. Based on the higher antifungal activity, strain RHFS10, identified as Bacillus vallismortis, was further examined and cell-free supernatant assays, column purification, and tandem mass spectrometry were employed to purify and preliminarily identify the antifungal metabolites. Interestingly, the minimum inhibitory concentration assessed for the fractions active against M. phaseolina was 10 times lower and more stable than the one estimated for the commercial fungicide pentachloronitrobenzene. These results suggest the use of B. vallismortis strain RHFS10 as a potential plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria as an alternative to chemical pesticides to efficiently control the phytopathogenic fungus M. phaseolina.
2021
Plant growth promotion function of bacillus sp. Strains isolated from salt-pan rhizosphere and their biocontrol potential against macrophomina phaseolina / Castaldi, S.; Petrillo, C.; Donadio, G.; Piaz, F. D.; Cimmino, A.; Masi, M.; Evidente, A.; Isticato, R.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 22:7(2021), p. 3324. [10.3390/ijms22073324]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/852926
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