Despite scientific evidence supporting the biostimulant activity of protein hydrolysates (PHs) derived from vegetal or animal sources, the morpho-physiological and biochemical mechanisms underlying the biostimulant action of PHs from plant biomass or animal by-products are still poorly explored. Accordingly, we performed a greenhouse experiment for assessing the morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) to three nitrogen equivalent rates (0.05, 0.15, and 0.25 g N/kg) of an animal-derived protein hydrolysate (A-PH) and a vegetal-derived protein hydrolysate (V-PH). The V-PH and A-PH applications determined a quadratic-dose response regarding the number and area of leaves and the shoot fresh and dry weight, with the best results obtained using V-PH at the N equivalent rates of 0.05 and 0.15 g N/kg. Improvement of shoot fresh weight with V-PH foliar application at the rate of 0.15 g N/kg was associated with a higher leaf CO2 assimilation and water use efficiency, with a concomitant higher uptake and translocation of K, Mg, and S in leaf tissue. The excessive accumulation of Na, Cl, and some amino acids (e.g., proline) under A-PH applications above 0.05 g N/kg induced a rapid decrease in plant photosynthetic performance, growth, and biomass production. The plants treated with A-PH at a higher dosage appeared to activate an alternative pathway involving the synthesis of alanine and GABA for storing excess ammonia, buffering cytoplasmic acidosis, and counteracting the negative effects of Na and Cl at toxic levels. The above findings demonstrated the potential benefits of protein hydrolysate application in agriculture, especially of vegetal-derived PHs, and highlighted the need to understand dose-dependent effects in order to optimize crop response.

Effects of vegetal- versus animal-derived protein hydrolysate on sweet basil morpho-physiological and metabolic traits

Rouphael Y.;Cristofano F.;
2021

Abstract

Despite scientific evidence supporting the biostimulant activity of protein hydrolysates (PHs) derived from vegetal or animal sources, the morpho-physiological and biochemical mechanisms underlying the biostimulant action of PHs from plant biomass or animal by-products are still poorly explored. Accordingly, we performed a greenhouse experiment for assessing the morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) to three nitrogen equivalent rates (0.05, 0.15, and 0.25 g N/kg) of an animal-derived protein hydrolysate (A-PH) and a vegetal-derived protein hydrolysate (V-PH). The V-PH and A-PH applications determined a quadratic-dose response regarding the number and area of leaves and the shoot fresh and dry weight, with the best results obtained using V-PH at the N equivalent rates of 0.05 and 0.15 g N/kg. Improvement of shoot fresh weight with V-PH foliar application at the rate of 0.15 g N/kg was associated with a higher leaf CO2 assimilation and water use efficiency, with a concomitant higher uptake and translocation of K, Mg, and S in leaf tissue. The excessive accumulation of Na, Cl, and some amino acids (e.g., proline) under A-PH applications above 0.05 g N/kg induced a rapid decrease in plant photosynthetic performance, growth, and biomass production. The plants treated with A-PH at a higher dosage appeared to activate an alternative pathway involving the synthesis of alanine and GABA for storing excess ammonia, buffering cytoplasmic acidosis, and counteracting the negative effects of Na and Cl at toxic levels. The above findings demonstrated the potential benefits of protein hydrolysate application in agriculture, especially of vegetal-derived PHs, and highlighted the need to understand dose-dependent effects in order to optimize crop response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/850667
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