The cytotoxic T lymphocyte-antigen 4 (CTLA-4) has been considered an IC exclusively expressed on T cells, where it counteracts the co-stimulatory CD28 receptor, by competing for its binding to CD-80 and CD-86. We recently found that it is expressed also on tumor and NK cells, suggesting other possible unknown roles of CTLA-4. To shed light on these novel aspects of CTLA-4, we used Ipilimumab, the first FDA approved human antibody targeting CTLA-4, in parallel studies with two novel human mAbs we isolated by using an efficient phage display selection strategy on live activated lymphocytes and purified mouse and human CTLA-4. The selection for cross-reactive mAbs was guaranteed by a high throughput sequencing to identify the sequences commonly enriched by two parallel pannings on human and mouse CTLA-4. Two isolated antibodies were found to bind with high affinity to both human and mouse CTLA-4 and lymphocytes, showing nanomolar or sub-nanomolar Kd values. They were able to kill Treg cells by ADCC, and to activate both human and mouse PBMCs, by strongly increasing cytokines secretion. Interestingly, they activated NK cells, exhibited cytotoxicity against cancer cells by inducing ADCC and inhibited tumor cell growth by affecting CTLA-4 downstream pathways in a similar fashion to CD-80 and CD-86 ligands and differently from Ipilimumab. Moreover, the novel mAbs showed a reduced ability to interfere in the binding of CD-80 ligands to CTLA-4 on T cells with respect to Ipilimumab, suggesting that they could allow for anti-tumor effects without the irAEs associated with the potent antagonistic activity of Ipilimumab.

Isolation of Two Novel Human Anti-CTLA-4 mAbs with Intriguing Biological Properties on Tumor and NK Cells

Vetrei C;Sasso E;Froechlich G;Zambrano N;Nicosia A;De Lorenzo C.
2020

Abstract

The cytotoxic T lymphocyte-antigen 4 (CTLA-4) has been considered an IC exclusively expressed on T cells, where it counteracts the co-stimulatory CD28 receptor, by competing for its binding to CD-80 and CD-86. We recently found that it is expressed also on tumor and NK cells, suggesting other possible unknown roles of CTLA-4. To shed light on these novel aspects of CTLA-4, we used Ipilimumab, the first FDA approved human antibody targeting CTLA-4, in parallel studies with two novel human mAbs we isolated by using an efficient phage display selection strategy on live activated lymphocytes and purified mouse and human CTLA-4. The selection for cross-reactive mAbs was guaranteed by a high throughput sequencing to identify the sequences commonly enriched by two parallel pannings on human and mouse CTLA-4. Two isolated antibodies were found to bind with high affinity to both human and mouse CTLA-4 and lymphocytes, showing nanomolar or sub-nanomolar Kd values. They were able to kill Treg cells by ADCC, and to activate both human and mouse PBMCs, by strongly increasing cytokines secretion. Interestingly, they activated NK cells, exhibited cytotoxicity against cancer cells by inducing ADCC and inhibited tumor cell growth by affecting CTLA-4 downstream pathways in a similar fashion to CD-80 and CD-86 ligands and differently from Ipilimumab. Moreover, the novel mAbs showed a reduced ability to interfere in the binding of CD-80 ligands to CTLA-4 on T cells with respect to Ipilimumab, suggesting that they could allow for anti-tumor effects without the irAEs associated with the potent antagonistic activity of Ipilimumab.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/849355
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