Following the identification of the BCR-ABL1 (Breakpoint Cluster Region-ABelson murine Leukemia) fusion in chronic myelogenous leukemia, gene fusions generating chimeric oncoproteins have been recognized as common genomic structural variations in human malignancies. This is, in particular, a frequent mechanism in the oncogenic conversion of protein kinases. Gene fusion was the first mechanism identified for the oncogenic activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase RET (REarranged during Transfection), initially discovered in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). More recently, the advent of highly sensitive massive parallel (next generation sequencing, NGS) sequencing of tumor DNA or cell-free (cfDNA) circulating tumor DNA, allowed for the detection of RET fusions in many other solid and hematopoietic malignancies. This review summarizes the role of RET fusions in the pathogenesis of human cancer.

Ret gene fusions in malignancies of the thyroid and other tissues / Santoro, M.; Moccia, M.; Federico, G.; Carlomagno, F.. - In: GENES. - ISSN 2073-4425. - 11:4(2020), p. 424. [10.3390/genes11040424]

Ret gene fusions in malignancies of the thyroid and other tissues

Santoro M.
Primo
;
Moccia M.;Federico G.;Carlomagno F.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Following the identification of the BCR-ABL1 (Breakpoint Cluster Region-ABelson murine Leukemia) fusion in chronic myelogenous leukemia, gene fusions generating chimeric oncoproteins have been recognized as common genomic structural variations in human malignancies. This is, in particular, a frequent mechanism in the oncogenic conversion of protein kinases. Gene fusion was the first mechanism identified for the oncogenic activation of the receptor tyrosine kinase RET (REarranged during Transfection), initially discovered in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). More recently, the advent of highly sensitive massive parallel (next generation sequencing, NGS) sequencing of tumor DNA or cell-free (cfDNA) circulating tumor DNA, allowed for the detection of RET fusions in many other solid and hematopoietic malignancies. This review summarizes the role of RET fusions in the pathogenesis of human cancer.
2020
Ret gene fusions in malignancies of the thyroid and other tissues / Santoro, M.; Moccia, M.; Federico, G.; Carlomagno, F.. - In: GENES. - ISSN 2073-4425. - 11:4(2020), p. 424. [10.3390/genes11040424]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/816056
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