Collagen is the main component of the extracellular matrix and it plays a key role in tumor progression. Commercial collagen solutions are derived from animals, such as rat-tail and bovine or porcine skin. Their cost is quite high and the product is stable only at low temperature, with the disadvantage of a short expiring date. Most importantly, lot-to-lot variability can occur and the reconstituted collagen gels differ significantly from native tissues in terms of both structure and stiffness. In this chapter, we describe a straightforward method to use native, collagen rich skin samples derived from by-products of the tanning industry. The protocol proposed preserves the microstructure of the ovine skin collagen network, offering structurally competent and more relevant model to investigate cell behavior in vitro. Other advantages of the proposed procedure consist in the cost-effectiveness of the process and an increased level of reproducibility. The decellularized ovine skin samples support the adhesion and growth of different cancer cell lines (pancreatic, breast and melanoma cells). The proposed decellularized skin scaffolds are meant as future low-cost competitors for conventional porous scaffold derived by biomaterials, since they offer a biomimetic environment for the cells.

Decellularized matrices for tumor cell modeling

Brancato, Virginia;Ventre, Maurizio;Netti, Paolo Antonio
2020

Abstract

Collagen is the main component of the extracellular matrix and it plays a key role in tumor progression. Commercial collagen solutions are derived from animals, such as rat-tail and bovine or porcine skin. Their cost is quite high and the product is stable only at low temperature, with the disadvantage of a short expiring date. Most importantly, lot-to-lot variability can occur and the reconstituted collagen gels differ significantly from native tissues in terms of both structure and stiffness. In this chapter, we describe a straightforward method to use native, collagen rich skin samples derived from by-products of the tanning industry. The protocol proposed preserves the microstructure of the ovine skin collagen network, offering structurally competent and more relevant model to investigate cell behavior in vitro. Other advantages of the proposed procedure consist in the cost-effectiveness of the process and an increased level of reproducibility. The decellularized ovine skin samples support the adhesion and growth of different cancer cell lines (pancreatic, breast and melanoma cells). The proposed decellularized skin scaffolds are meant as future low-cost competitors for conventional porous scaffold derived by biomaterials, since they offer a biomimetic environment for the cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/782583
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