Formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) belong to the family of seven transmembrane Gi-protein coupled receptors (GPCR). FPR2 is considered the most promiscuous member of this family since it recognizes a wide variety of ligands. It plays a crucial role in several physio-pathological processes and different studies highlighted the correlation between its expression and the higher propensity to invasion and metastasis of some cancers. FPR2 stimulation by its synthetic agonist WKYMVm triggers multiple phosphorylations of intracellular signaling molecules, such as ERKs, PKC, PKB, p38MAPK, PI3K, PLC, and of non-signaling proteins, such as p47phox and p67phox which are involved in NADPH oxidase-dependent ROS generation. Biological effects of FPR2 stimulation include intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, cellular proliferation and migration, and wound healing. A systematic analysis of the phosphoproteome in FPR2-stimulated cells has not been yet reported. Herein, we describe a large-scale phosphoproteomic study in WKYMVm-stimulated CaLu-6 cells. By using high resolution MS/MS we identified 290 differentially phosphorylated proteins and 53 unique phosphopeptides mapping on 40 proteins. Phosphorylations on five selected phospho-proteins were further validated by western blotting, confirming their dependence on FPR2 stimulation. Interconnection between some of the signalling readout identified was also evaluated. Furthermore, we show that FPR2 stimulation with two anti-inflammatory agonists induces the phosphorylation of selected differentially phosphorylated proteins, suggesting their role in the resolution of inflammation. These data provide a promising resource for further studies on new signaling networks triggered by FPR2 and on novel molecular drug targets for human diseases.

Phosphoproteomic analysis sheds light on intracellular signaling cascades triggered by Formyl-Peptide Receptor 2

Cattaneo F.;Castaldo M.;Chambery A.;Zollo C.;Esposito G.;Ammendola R.
2019

Abstract

Formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) belong to the family of seven transmembrane Gi-protein coupled receptors (GPCR). FPR2 is considered the most promiscuous member of this family since it recognizes a wide variety of ligands. It plays a crucial role in several physio-pathological processes and different studies highlighted the correlation between its expression and the higher propensity to invasion and metastasis of some cancers. FPR2 stimulation by its synthetic agonist WKYMVm triggers multiple phosphorylations of intracellular signaling molecules, such as ERKs, PKC, PKB, p38MAPK, PI3K, PLC, and of non-signaling proteins, such as p47phox and p67phox which are involved in NADPH oxidase-dependent ROS generation. Biological effects of FPR2 stimulation include intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, cellular proliferation and migration, and wound healing. A systematic analysis of the phosphoproteome in FPR2-stimulated cells has not been yet reported. Herein, we describe a large-scale phosphoproteomic study in WKYMVm-stimulated CaLu-6 cells. By using high resolution MS/MS we identified 290 differentially phosphorylated proteins and 53 unique phosphopeptides mapping on 40 proteins. Phosphorylations on five selected phospho-proteins were further validated by western blotting, confirming their dependence on FPR2 stimulation. Interconnection between some of the signalling readout identified was also evaluated. Furthermore, we show that FPR2 stimulation with two anti-inflammatory agonists induces the phosphorylation of selected differentially phosphorylated proteins, suggesting their role in the resolution of inflammation. These data provide a promising resource for further studies on new signaling networks triggered by FPR2 and on novel molecular drug targets for human diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/782230
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