The G-protein bile acid receptor 1 (GPBAR1) has emerged in the last decade as prominent target for the treatment of metabolic and inflammatory diseases including type 2 diabetes, obesity, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. To date numerous bile acid derivatives have been identified as GPBAR1 agonists, however their clinical application is hampered by the lack of selectivity toward the other bile acid receptors. Therefore, non-steroidal GPBAR1 ligands able to selectively activate the receptor are urgently needed. With this aim, we here designed, synthesized and biologically evaluated ((1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl) urea derivatives as novel potent GPBAR1 agonists. Particularly, compounds 9 and 10 induce the mRNA expression of the GPBAR1 target gene pro-glucagon and show high selectivity over the other bile acid receptors FXR, LXRα, LXRβ and PXR, and the related receptors PPARα and PPARγ. Computational studies elucidated the binding mode of 10 to GPBAR1, providing important structural insights for the design of non-steroidal GPBAR1 agonists. The pharmacokinetic properties of 9 and 10 suggest that the ((1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)ureydil scaffold might be exploited to achieve effective drug candidates to treat GPBAR1 related disorders.

Discovery of ((1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)ureidyl derivatives as selective non-steroidal agonists of the G-protein coupled bile acid receptor-1

Di Leva, Francesco Saverio
Co-primo
;
Festa, Carmen
Co-primo
;
De Marino, Simona;Finamore, Claudia;Zampella, Angela;Limongelli, Vittorio
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

The G-protein bile acid receptor 1 (GPBAR1) has emerged in the last decade as prominent target for the treatment of metabolic and inflammatory diseases including type 2 diabetes, obesity, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. To date numerous bile acid derivatives have been identified as GPBAR1 agonists, however their clinical application is hampered by the lack of selectivity toward the other bile acid receptors. Therefore, non-steroidal GPBAR1 ligands able to selectively activate the receptor are urgently needed. With this aim, we here designed, synthesized and biologically evaluated ((1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl) urea derivatives as novel potent GPBAR1 agonists. Particularly, compounds 9 and 10 induce the mRNA expression of the GPBAR1 target gene pro-glucagon and show high selectivity over the other bile acid receptors FXR, LXRα, LXRβ and PXR, and the related receptors PPARα and PPARγ. Computational studies elucidated the binding mode of 10 to GPBAR1, providing important structural insights for the design of non-steroidal GPBAR1 agonists. The pharmacokinetic properties of 9 and 10 suggest that the ((1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)ureydil scaffold might be exploited to achieve effective drug candidates to treat GPBAR1 related disorders.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/743201
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