BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint degenerative biomechanical disorder involving immunity, metabolic alterations, inflammation, and cartilage degradation, where chondrocytes play a pivotal role. OA has not effective pharmacological treatments and new therapeutic targets are needed. Adipokines contribute to the low-grade systemic inflammation in OA. Here, we explored novel molecular mechanisms of sodium butyrate (BuNa) in modulating inflammation and chemotaxis in chondrocytes, demonstrating the direct involvement of its G protein-coupled receptor (GPR)-43. METHODS: ATDC5 murine chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β, in the presence or not of BuNa, for 24 h. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the expression of inflammatory mediators and structural proteins. RESULTS: Butyrate reduced the expression of canonic pro-inflammatory mediators (Nos2, COX-2, IL-6), pro-inflammatory adipokines (lipocalin-2 and nesfatin-1) and adhesion molecule (VCAM-1 and ICAM-1) in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytes, inhibiting several inflammatory signalling pathways (NFκB, MAPKinase, AMPK-α, PI3K/Akt). Butyrate also reduced metalloproteinase production and limited the loss of type II collagen in IL-1β-inflamed chondrocytes. The chemoattractant effect of butyrate, after different inflammatory challenges, was revealed by increased annexin (AnxA)1 levels and chemokines expression. The chemoattractant and anti-inflammatory activities of butyrate were completely blunted by GPR43 silencing using RNA interference. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our data suggest the potential application of sodium butyrate as a novel candidate in a multi-target approach for the treatment of chondrocyte inflammation and cartilage degenerative process.

Butyrate modulates inflammation in chondrocytes via GPR43 receptor

Pirozzi, Claudio
Primo
;
Meli, Rosaria
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Gualillo, Oreste
2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a joint degenerative biomechanical disorder involving immunity, metabolic alterations, inflammation, and cartilage degradation, where chondrocytes play a pivotal role. OA has not effective pharmacological treatments and new therapeutic targets are needed. Adipokines contribute to the low-grade systemic inflammation in OA. Here, we explored novel molecular mechanisms of sodium butyrate (BuNa) in modulating inflammation and chemotaxis in chondrocytes, demonstrating the direct involvement of its G protein-coupled receptor (GPR)-43. METHODS: ATDC5 murine chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β, in the presence or not of BuNa, for 24 h. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the expression of inflammatory mediators and structural proteins. RESULTS: Butyrate reduced the expression of canonic pro-inflammatory mediators (Nos2, COX-2, IL-6), pro-inflammatory adipokines (lipocalin-2 and nesfatin-1) and adhesion molecule (VCAM-1 and ICAM-1) in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytes, inhibiting several inflammatory signalling pathways (NFκB, MAPKinase, AMPK-α, PI3K/Akt). Butyrate also reduced metalloproteinase production and limited the loss of type II collagen in IL-1β-inflamed chondrocytes. The chemoattractant effect of butyrate, after different inflammatory challenges, was revealed by increased annexin (AnxA)1 levels and chemokines expression. The chemoattractant and anti-inflammatory activities of butyrate were completely blunted by GPR43 silencing using RNA interference. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our data suggest the potential application of sodium butyrate as a novel candidate in a multi-target approach for the treatment of chondrocyte inflammation and cartilage degenerative process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/739143
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