The feline leukemia virus subgroup C receptors (FLVCRs) were originally cloned as virus receptors, but are now believed to function also as heme transporters and are expressed in a broad range of tissues in a wide range of mammalian species. Expression of FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 was investigated in 19 bovine papillomavirus-associated urinary bladder cancers and in 15 non-neoplastic samples of bladder from cattle. E5 oncoprotein of bovine Deltapapillomaviruses (δPVs) was detected in 17 of the 19 bladder cancers. Flvcr1 and Flvcr2 were amplified and sequenced both in neoplastic and non-neoplastic samples showing a 100% identity with bovine Flvcr1 and Flvcr2 mRNA sequences present in GenBank database (accession numbers: NM_001206019.1 and NM_001192143.1, respectively). Reverse transcription (RT)-PCR showed that Flvcr1 and Flvcr2 were overexpressed in 4 and 5 out of 19 urothelial cancers, respectively, but in none of the non-neoplastic samples. In addition, western blot analysis detected higher levels of FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 in samples in which transcripts were not increased, suggesting post-translational changes to these proteins. Increased FLCVR1 and FLVCR2 was also observed immunohistochemically in the neoplastic cells. Immunolabeling for FLVCR1 was seen in the cytoplasm and plasm membrane of urothelial cancer cells, wheras immunolabeling for FLVCR2 was present within the nucleus. This is the first time that FLVCR expression has been investigated in bovine tissues and the first to suggest that expression could be increased in cancers. Additional studies are required to define the role, if any, of FLVCR in papillomavirus-associated cancer cells.

Expression of the feline leukemia virus subgroup C receptors in normal and neoplastic urothelium of the urinary bladder of cattle associated with bovine papillomavirus infection.

Russo V
Methodology
;
Roperto F
Conceptualization
;
De Falco F
Methodology
;
Urraro C
Methodology
;
Roperto S.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2019

Abstract

The feline leukemia virus subgroup C receptors (FLVCRs) were originally cloned as virus receptors, but are now believed to function also as heme transporters and are expressed in a broad range of tissues in a wide range of mammalian species. Expression of FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 was investigated in 19 bovine papillomavirus-associated urinary bladder cancers and in 15 non-neoplastic samples of bladder from cattle. E5 oncoprotein of bovine Deltapapillomaviruses (δPVs) was detected in 17 of the 19 bladder cancers. Flvcr1 and Flvcr2 were amplified and sequenced both in neoplastic and non-neoplastic samples showing a 100% identity with bovine Flvcr1 and Flvcr2 mRNA sequences present in GenBank database (accession numbers: NM_001206019.1 and NM_001192143.1, respectively). Reverse transcription (RT)-PCR showed that Flvcr1 and Flvcr2 were overexpressed in 4 and 5 out of 19 urothelial cancers, respectively, but in none of the non-neoplastic samples. In addition, western blot analysis detected higher levels of FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 in samples in which transcripts were not increased, suggesting post-translational changes to these proteins. Increased FLCVR1 and FLVCR2 was also observed immunohistochemically in the neoplastic cells. Immunolabeling for FLVCR1 was seen in the cytoplasm and plasm membrane of urothelial cancer cells, wheras immunolabeling for FLVCR2 was present within the nucleus. This is the first time that FLVCR expression has been investigated in bovine tissues and the first to suggest that expression could be increased in cancers. Additional studies are required to define the role, if any, of FLVCR in papillomavirus-associated cancer cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/739061
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