SCN(-) (thiocyanate) is an important physiological anion involved in innate defense of mucosal surfaces. SCN(-) is oxidized by H(2)O(2), a reaction catalyzed by lactoperoxidase, to produce OSCN(-) (hypothiocyanite), a molecule with antimicrobial activity. Given the importance of the availability of SCN(-) in the airway surface fluid, we studied transepithelial SCN(-) transport in the human bronchial epithelium. We found evidence for at least three mechanisms for basolateral to apical SCN(-) flux. cAMP and Ca(2+) regulatory pathways controlled SCN(-) transport through cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels, respectively, the latter mechanism being significantly increased by treatment with IL-4. Stimulation with IL-4 also induced the strong up-regulation of an electroneutral SCN(-)/Cl(-) exchange. Global gene expression analysis with microarrays and functional studies indicated pendrin (SLC26A4) as the protein responsible for this SCN(-) transport. Measurements of H(2)O(2) production at the apical surface of bronchial cells indicated that the extent of SCN(-) transport is important to modulate the conversion of this oxidant molecule by the lactoperoxidase system. Our studies indicate that the human bronchial epithelium expresses various SCN(-) transport mechanisms under resting and stimulated conditions. Defects in SCN(-) transport in the airways may be responsible for susceptibility to infections and/or decreased ability to scavenge oxidants.

Thiocyanate transport in resting and IL-4-stimulated human bronchial epithelial cells: role of pendrin and anion channels

Galietta, Luis J V
2007

Abstract

SCN(-) (thiocyanate) is an important physiological anion involved in innate defense of mucosal surfaces. SCN(-) is oxidized by H(2)O(2), a reaction catalyzed by lactoperoxidase, to produce OSCN(-) (hypothiocyanite), a molecule with antimicrobial activity. Given the importance of the availability of SCN(-) in the airway surface fluid, we studied transepithelial SCN(-) transport in the human bronchial epithelium. We found evidence for at least three mechanisms for basolateral to apical SCN(-) flux. cAMP and Ca(2+) regulatory pathways controlled SCN(-) transport through cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels, respectively, the latter mechanism being significantly increased by treatment with IL-4. Stimulation with IL-4 also induced the strong up-regulation of an electroneutral SCN(-)/Cl(-) exchange. Global gene expression analysis with microarrays and functional studies indicated pendrin (SLC26A4) as the protein responsible for this SCN(-) transport. Measurements of H(2)O(2) production at the apical surface of bronchial cells indicated that the extent of SCN(-) transport is important to modulate the conversion of this oxidant molecule by the lactoperoxidase system. Our studies indicate that the human bronchial epithelium expresses various SCN(-) transport mechanisms under resting and stimulated conditions. Defects in SCN(-) transport in the airways may be responsible for susceptibility to infections and/or decreased ability to scavenge oxidants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/739022
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