Mutations occurring in the CFTR gene, encoding for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator chloride channel, cause cystic fibrosis (CF). Mutations belonging to class II, such as DeltaPhe508, give rise to a protein with both a defective maturation and altered channel gating. Mutations belonging to class III, such as G551D and G1349D, cause only a gating defect. We have previously identified antihypertensive 1,4-dihydropyridines (DHPs), a class of drugs that block voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, as effective potentiators of CFTR gating, able to correct the defective activity of CFTR mutants (Mol Pharmacol 68:1736-1746, 2005). However, optimization of potency for CFTR versus Ca(2+) channels is required to design selective compounds for CFTR pharmacotherapy. In the present study, we have established DHP structure-activity relationship for both CFTR potentiation and Ca(2+) channel inhibition using cell-based assays for both types of channels. A panel of 333 felodipine analogs was studied to understand the effect of various substitutions and modifications in the DHP scaffold. Our results show that alkyl substitutions at the para position of the 4-phenyl ring lead to compounds with very low activity on Ca(2+) channels and strong effect as potentiators on the DeltaPhe508, G551D, and G1349D CFTR mutants.

Structure-activity relationship of 1,4-dihydropyridines as potentiators of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator chloride channel

Galietta, Luis J. V.
2007

Abstract

Mutations occurring in the CFTR gene, encoding for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator chloride channel, cause cystic fibrosis (CF). Mutations belonging to class II, such as DeltaPhe508, give rise to a protein with both a defective maturation and altered channel gating. Mutations belonging to class III, such as G551D and G1349D, cause only a gating defect. We have previously identified antihypertensive 1,4-dihydropyridines (DHPs), a class of drugs that block voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, as effective potentiators of CFTR gating, able to correct the defective activity of CFTR mutants (Mol Pharmacol 68:1736-1746, 2005). However, optimization of potency for CFTR versus Ca(2+) channels is required to design selective compounds for CFTR pharmacotherapy. In the present study, we have established DHP structure-activity relationship for both CFTR potentiation and Ca(2+) channel inhibition using cell-based assays for both types of channels. A panel of 333 felodipine analogs was studied to understand the effect of various substitutions and modifications in the DHP scaffold. Our results show that alkyl substitutions at the para position of the 4-phenyl ring lead to compounds with very low activity on Ca(2+) channels and strong effect as potentiators on the DeltaPhe508, G551D, and G1349D CFTR mutants.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/738953
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 30
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact