Efficient strategies are highly required to detect toxins in seafood, environment and food supply with the final aim to protect human health and to guarantee seafood safety and quality. Authorities responsible for safeguarding public health often indicated Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) as the more promising technique able to guarantee accurate monitoring of both environmental and edible samples. Several MS based approaches have been developed to disclose the presence of toxins and even to elucidate their structures based on the interpretation of their fragmentation pattern. Although LC tandem MS on TQ MS analyzers surely offers the highest sensitivity, selectivity and reproducibility of results, sometimes it is not able to guarantee a comprehensive overview of the actual toxic scenario of a real sample: the presence of unknown toxin analogues does not emerge in a targeted analysis. So, High resolution MS is often the key technique to identify the complete toxin profile of a sample. The analysis of marine and freshwater algal and mussel samples contaminated by palytoxins, azaspiracids, and microcystins will be proposed as case studies. In some cases, an approach combining TQMS and HRMS appears the most desirable in order to avoid an underestimation of sample toxicity.

LC-HRMS and LC-tandem MS as complementary tools for a comprehensive toxin analysis of environmental and food matrices

TARTAGLIONE Luciana
;
VARRIALE Fabio;DELL’AVERSANO Carmela
2018

Abstract

Efficient strategies are highly required to detect toxins in seafood, environment and food supply with the final aim to protect human health and to guarantee seafood safety and quality. Authorities responsible for safeguarding public health often indicated Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) as the more promising technique able to guarantee accurate monitoring of both environmental and edible samples. Several MS based approaches have been developed to disclose the presence of toxins and even to elucidate their structures based on the interpretation of their fragmentation pattern. Although LC tandem MS on TQ MS analyzers surely offers the highest sensitivity, selectivity and reproducibility of results, sometimes it is not able to guarantee a comprehensive overview of the actual toxic scenario of a real sample: the presence of unknown toxin analogues does not emerge in a targeted analysis. So, High resolution MS is often the key technique to identify the complete toxin profile of a sample. The analysis of marine and freshwater algal and mussel samples contaminated by palytoxins, azaspiracids, and microcystins will be proposed as case studies. In some cases, an approach combining TQMS and HRMS appears the most desirable in order to avoid an underestimation of sample toxicity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/737466
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