Retinal gene transfer with adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors holds great promise for the treatment of inherited retinal degenerations (IRDs). One limit of AAV is its transfer capacity of about 5 kb, which can be expanded to about 9 kb, using dual AAV vectors. This strategy would still not suffice for treatment of IRDs such as Usher syndrome type 1D or Alström syndrome type I (ALMS) due to mutations in CDH23 or ALMS1, respectively. To overcome this limitation, we generated triple AAV vectors, with a maximal transfer capacity of about 14 kb. Transcriptomic analysis following triple AAV transduction showed the expected full-length products along a number of aberrant transcripts. However, only the full-length transcripts are efficiently translated in vivo. We additionally showed that approximately 4% of mouse photoreceptors are transduced by triple AAV vectors and showed correct localization of recombinant ALMS1. The low-photoreceptor transduction levels might justify the modest and transient improvement we observe in the retina of a mouse model of ALMS. However, the levels of transduction mediated by triple AAV vectors in pig retina reached 40% of those observed with single vectors, and this bodes well for further improving the efficiency of triple AAV vectors in the retina. Maddalena et al. show that the limited DNA transfer capacity of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors can be expanded up to 14 kb with triple AAV vectors. The authors show triple AAV-mediated expression of both reporter and large therapeutic genes in vitro and in mouse and pig retina. © 2017 The Author(s).

Triple Vectors Expand AAV Transfer Capacity in the Retina / Maddalena, Andrea; Tornabene, Patrizia; Tiberi, Paola; Minopoli, Renato; Manfredi, Anna; Mutarelli, Margherita; Rossi, Settimio; Simonelli, Francesca; Naggert, Jurgen K.; Cacchiarelli, Davide; Auricchio, Alberto. - In: MOLECULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 1525-0016. - (2017). [10.1016/j.ymthe.2017.11.019]

Triple Vectors Expand AAV Transfer Capacity in the Retina

Cacchiarelli, Davide;Auricchio, Alberto
2017

Abstract

Retinal gene transfer with adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors holds great promise for the treatment of inherited retinal degenerations (IRDs). One limit of AAV is its transfer capacity of about 5 kb, which can be expanded to about 9 kb, using dual AAV vectors. This strategy would still not suffice for treatment of IRDs such as Usher syndrome type 1D or Alström syndrome type I (ALMS) due to mutations in CDH23 or ALMS1, respectively. To overcome this limitation, we generated triple AAV vectors, with a maximal transfer capacity of about 14 kb. Transcriptomic analysis following triple AAV transduction showed the expected full-length products along a number of aberrant transcripts. However, only the full-length transcripts are efficiently translated in vivo. We additionally showed that approximately 4% of mouse photoreceptors are transduced by triple AAV vectors and showed correct localization of recombinant ALMS1. The low-photoreceptor transduction levels might justify the modest and transient improvement we observe in the retina of a mouse model of ALMS. However, the levels of transduction mediated by triple AAV vectors in pig retina reached 40% of those observed with single vectors, and this bodes well for further improving the efficiency of triple AAV vectors in the retina. Maddalena et al. show that the limited DNA transfer capacity of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors can be expanded up to 14 kb with triple AAV vectors. The authors show triple AAV-mediated expression of both reporter and large therapeutic genes in vitro and in mouse and pig retina. © 2017 The Author(s).
2017
Triple Vectors Expand AAV Transfer Capacity in the Retina / Maddalena, Andrea; Tornabene, Patrizia; Tiberi, Paola; Minopoli, Renato; Manfredi, Anna; Mutarelli, Margherita; Rossi, Settimio; Simonelli, Francesca; Naggert, Jurgen K.; Cacchiarelli, Davide; Auricchio, Alberto. - In: MOLECULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 1525-0016. - (2017). [10.1016/j.ymthe.2017.11.019]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/696302
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