To investigate the influence of specific resin-composite, glass ceramic and glassionomer cement (GIC) material combinations in a “multi-layer” technique to replace enamel and dentin in class II mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) dental restorations using 3D-Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Four 3D-FE models (A–D) of teeth, adhesively restored with different filling materials, were created and analyzed in comparison with a 3D model (E) of a sound lower molar. Model A showed the highest stress distribution along all the adhesive interfaces of the shrinking resin-based materials with a critical condition and failure risk marginally andinternally. Model D, by contrast, showed a more favorable performance than either of the multilayer groups (A–C). Stress and displacement plots showed an elastic response similar to that obtained for the sound tooth model. Model B and Model C performed according to their bilayer material properties. The use of a non-shrink dentin component simulating a GIC clearly affected the shrinkage stress at the basis of the Model B; while the bulk resin composite having a 12 GPa Young’s modulus and linear polymerization shrinkage of 1%strongly influenced the biomechanical response in the bucco-lingual direction.

CAD-FE modeling and analysis of class II restorations incorporating resin-composite, glass ionomer and glass ceramic materials

Ausiello, Pietro;Ciaramella, Stefano;Martorelli, Massimo;Lanzotti, Antonio;Gloria, Antonio;
2017

Abstract

To investigate the influence of specific resin-composite, glass ceramic and glassionomer cement (GIC) material combinations in a “multi-layer” technique to replace enamel and dentin in class II mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) dental restorations using 3D-Finite Element Analysis (FEA). Four 3D-FE models (A–D) of teeth, adhesively restored with different filling materials, were created and analyzed in comparison with a 3D model (E) of a sound lower molar. Model A showed the highest stress distribution along all the adhesive interfaces of the shrinking resin-based materials with a critical condition and failure risk marginally andinternally. Model D, by contrast, showed a more favorable performance than either of the multilayer groups (A–C). Stress and displacement plots showed an elastic response similar to that obtained for the sound tooth model. Model B and Model C performed according to their bilayer material properties. The use of a non-shrink dentin component simulating a GIC clearly affected the shrinkage stress at the basis of the Model B; while the bulk resin composite having a 12 GPa Young’s modulus and linear polymerization shrinkage of 1%strongly influenced the biomechanical response in the bucco-lingual direction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/694733
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