Structural determinants of affinity of N(6)-substituted-5'-C-(ethyltetrazol-2-yl)adenosine and 2-chloroadenosine derivatives at adenosine receptor (AR) subtypes were studied with binding and molecular modeling. Small N(6)-cycloalkyl and 3-halobenzyl groups furnished potent dual acting A1AR agonists and A3AR antagonists. 4 was the most potent dual acting human (h) A1AR agonist (Ki = 0.45 nM) and A3AR antagonist (Ki = 0.31 nM) and highly selective versus A2A; 11 and 26 were most potent at both h and rat (r) A3AR. All N(6)-substituted-5'-C-(ethyltetrazol-2-yl)adenosine derivatives proved to be antagonists at hA3AR but agonists at the rA3AR. Analgesia of 11, 22, and 26 was evaluated in the mouse formalin test (A3AR antagonist blocked and A3AR agonist strongly potentiated). N(6)-Methyl-5'-C-(ethyltetrazol-2-yl)adenosine (22) was most potent, inhibiting both phases, as observed combining A1AR and A3AR agonists. This study demonstrated for the first time the advantages of a single molecule activating two AR pathways both leading to benefit in this acute pain model.

Exploring the Role of N(6)-Substituents in Potent Dual Acting 5'-C-Ethyltetrazolyladenosine Derivatives: Synthesis, Binding, Functional Assays, and Antinociceptive Effects in Mice

Cerchia, Carmen;Novellino, Ettore;Lavecchia, Antonio
;
2017

Abstract

Structural determinants of affinity of N(6)-substituted-5'-C-(ethyltetrazol-2-yl)adenosine and 2-chloroadenosine derivatives at adenosine receptor (AR) subtypes were studied with binding and molecular modeling. Small N(6)-cycloalkyl and 3-halobenzyl groups furnished potent dual acting A1AR agonists and A3AR antagonists. 4 was the most potent dual acting human (h) A1AR agonist (Ki = 0.45 nM) and A3AR antagonist (Ki = 0.31 nM) and highly selective versus A2A; 11 and 26 were most potent at both h and rat (r) A3AR. All N(6)-substituted-5'-C-(ethyltetrazol-2-yl)adenosine derivatives proved to be antagonists at hA3AR but agonists at the rA3AR. Analgesia of 11, 22, and 26 was evaluated in the mouse formalin test (A3AR antagonist blocked and A3AR agonist strongly potentiated). N(6)-Methyl-5'-C-(ethyltetrazol-2-yl)adenosine (22) was most potent, inhibiting both phases, as observed combining A1AR and A3AR agonists. This study demonstrated for the first time the advantages of a single molecule activating two AR pathways both leading to benefit in this acute pain model.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/679709
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