In this paper we investigated the possibility to use moss bags to detect pollution inputs - metals, metalloids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - in sites chosen for their different land use (agricultural, urban/residential scenarios) and proximity to roads (sub-scenarios), in a fragmented conurbation of Campania (southern Italy). We focused on thirty-nine elements including rare earths. For most of them, moss uptake was higher in agricultural than in urban scenarios and in front road sites. Twenty PAHs were analyzed in a subset of agricultural sites; 4- and 5-ringed PAHs were the most abundant, particularly chrysene, fluoranthene and pyrene. Overall results indicated that investigated pollutants have a similar spatial distribution pattern over the entire study area, with road traffic and agricultural practices as the major diffuse pollution sources. Moss bags proved a very sensitive tool, able to discriminate between different land use scenarios and proximity to roads in a mixed rural-urban landscape.

Biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution by moss bags: Discriminating urban-rural structure in a fragmented landscape / Capozzi, Fiore; Giordano, Simonetta; DI PALMA, Anna; Spagnuolo, Valeria; De Nicola, F.; Adamo, Paola. - In: CHEMOSPHERE. - ISSN 0045-6535. - 149:(2016), pp. 211-218. [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.065]

Biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution by moss bags: Discriminating urban-rural structure in a fragmented landscape

CAPOZZI, FIORE
Primo
;
GIORDANO, SIMONETTA
;
DI PALMA, ANNA;SPAGNUOLO, VALERIA;ADAMO, PAOLA
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

In this paper we investigated the possibility to use moss bags to detect pollution inputs - metals, metalloids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - in sites chosen for their different land use (agricultural, urban/residential scenarios) and proximity to roads (sub-scenarios), in a fragmented conurbation of Campania (southern Italy). We focused on thirty-nine elements including rare earths. For most of them, moss uptake was higher in agricultural than in urban scenarios and in front road sites. Twenty PAHs were analyzed in a subset of agricultural sites; 4- and 5-ringed PAHs were the most abundant, particularly chrysene, fluoranthene and pyrene. Overall results indicated that investigated pollutants have a similar spatial distribution pattern over the entire study area, with road traffic and agricultural practices as the major diffuse pollution sources. Moss bags proved a very sensitive tool, able to discriminate between different land use scenarios and proximity to roads in a mixed rural-urban landscape.
2016
Biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution by moss bags: Discriminating urban-rural structure in a fragmented landscape / Capozzi, Fiore; Giordano, Simonetta; DI PALMA, Anna; Spagnuolo, Valeria; De Nicola, F.; Adamo, Paola. - In: CHEMOSPHERE. - ISSN 0045-6535. - 149:(2016), pp. 211-218. [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.065]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/642034
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