IL-8/CXCL8 mediates its biological effects through two receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2. While CXCR1 recognizes IL-8 and granulocyte chemotactic protein-2, CXCR2 binds to multiple chemokines including IL-8, CXCL1, 2 and 3. Both IL-8 and CXCL1 have been implicated in the neoplastic features of thyroid cancer (TC). Here, we assessed the role of the autocrine circuits sustained by IL-8 and CXCL1 in determining TC stem cell (TC SC) features. Using immunohistochemistry we found that thyroid epithelial cancerous, but not normal, cells stained positive for IL-8, whose levels correlated with lymph-nodal metastases. We assessed the expression of endogenous IL-8 and CXCL1, by ELISA assays, and of their receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2, by flow cytometry, in a panel of TC cell lines. These molecules were expressed in TC cell lines grown in adherence, and at higher levels also in thyrospheres enriched in stem-like cells. RNA interference demonstrated that IL-8/CXCR1, but not CXCL1/CXCR2, is crucial for the sphere-forming, self-renewal and tumor-initiating ability of TC cells. Accordingly, treatment of TC cells with IL-8, but not with CXCL1, potentiated cell stemness. We identified CD34 as an IL-8-induced gene and as a TC SC marker, since it was overexpressed in thyrospheres compared to adherent cells. Moreover, CD34 is required for the efficient sphere-forming ability and tumorigenicity of TC cells. Our data indicate that IL-8, but not the CXCL1 circuit, is critical for the regulation of TC SCs, and unveils novel potential targets for the therapy of as yet untreatable forms of TC.

IL-8, But Not The Related Chemokine CXCL1, Sustains An Autocrine Circuit Necessary For the Properties and Functions of Thyroid Cancer Stem Cells.

LIOTTI, FEDERICA;PONE, EMANUELA;PREVETE, Nella
;
MELILLO, ROSA MARINA
2017

Abstract

IL-8/CXCL8 mediates its biological effects through two receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2. While CXCR1 recognizes IL-8 and granulocyte chemotactic protein-2, CXCR2 binds to multiple chemokines including IL-8, CXCL1, 2 and 3. Both IL-8 and CXCL1 have been implicated in the neoplastic features of thyroid cancer (TC). Here, we assessed the role of the autocrine circuits sustained by IL-8 and CXCL1 in determining TC stem cell (TC SC) features. Using immunohistochemistry we found that thyroid epithelial cancerous, but not normal, cells stained positive for IL-8, whose levels correlated with lymph-nodal metastases. We assessed the expression of endogenous IL-8 and CXCL1, by ELISA assays, and of their receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2, by flow cytometry, in a panel of TC cell lines. These molecules were expressed in TC cell lines grown in adherence, and at higher levels also in thyrospheres enriched in stem-like cells. RNA interference demonstrated that IL-8/CXCR1, but not CXCL1/CXCR2, is crucial for the sphere-forming, self-renewal and tumor-initiating ability of TC cells. Accordingly, treatment of TC cells with IL-8, but not with CXCL1, potentiated cell stemness. We identified CD34 as an IL-8-induced gene and as a TC SC marker, since it was overexpressed in thyrospheres compared to adherent cells. Moreover, CD34 is required for the efficient sphere-forming ability and tumorigenicity of TC cells. Our data indicate that IL-8, but not the CXCL1 circuit, is critical for the regulation of TC SCs, and unveils novel potential targets for the therapy of as yet untreatable forms of TC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/640429
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