The purpose of this chapter is to present the fundamentals of direct ship structure analysis based on mechanics and strength of materials. Such analysis allows a rationally based design that is practical, efficient, and versatile, and that has already been implemented in a computer program, tested, and proven. Analysis and Design are two words that are very often associated. Sometimes they are used indifferently one for the other even if there are some important differences between performing a design and completing an analysis. Analysis refers to stress and strength assessment of the structure. Analysis requires information on loads and needs an initial structural scantling design. Output of the structural analysis is the structural response defined in terms of stresses, deflections and strength. Then, the estimated response is compared to the design criteria. Results of this comparison as well as the objective functions (weight, cost, etc.) will show if updated (improved) scantlings are required. Design for structure refers to the process followed to select the initial structural scantlings and to update these scantlings from the early design stage (bidding) to the detailed design stage (construction). To perform analysis, initial design is needed and analysis is required to design. This explains why design and analysis are intimately linked, but are absolutely different. Of course design also relates to topology and layout definition.

### ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF SHIP STRUCTURE

#### Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to present the fundamentals of direct ship structure analysis based on mechanics and strength of materials. Such analysis allows a rationally based design that is practical, efficient, and versatile, and that has already been implemented in a computer program, tested, and proven. Analysis and Design are two words that are very often associated. Sometimes they are used indifferently one for the other even if there are some important differences between performing a design and completing an analysis. Analysis refers to stress and strength assessment of the structure. Analysis requires information on loads and needs an initial structural scantling design. Output of the structural analysis is the structural response defined in terms of stresses, deflections and strength. Then, the estimated response is compared to the design criteria. Results of this comparison as well as the objective functions (weight, cost, etc.) will show if updated (improved) scantlings are required. Design for structure refers to the process followed to select the initial structural scantlings and to update these scantlings from the early design stage (bidding) to the detailed design stage (construction). To perform analysis, initial design is needed and analysis is required to design. This explains why design and analysis are intimately linked, but are absolutely different. Of course design also relates to topology and layout definition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11588/636422`
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