OBJECTIVES: Potential celiac disease (CD) patients are at an increased risk to developing CD as indicated by positive CD-associated serology. We investigated in duodenal mucosa of such patients the presence of both IL-21 and IL-17A and the role of gliadin peptides and IL-15 in their expression. METHODS: Duodenal biopsies from 76 active CD, 90 potential CD, and 58 control patients were analyzed for IL-21 and/or IL-17A production by quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and ELISA. The presence of IL-21 receptor was investigated by western blot. Potential CD duodenal fragments were cultured with gliadin peptides (PTG) and/or IL-15 and the expression/production of IL-21 and IL-17A assessed by quantitative real-time PCR and by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: In potential CD, IL-21 was lower than in active CD, in terms of RNA expression (P<0.01), density of lamina propria (LP) IL-21(+) cells (P<0.05), and protein secretion (P<0.05). Also, IL-21R was weakly detectable in potential CD. Several LP cell types produced IL-21 in CD. In potential CD, CD4(+)IL-21(+) cells increased after PMA-ionomycin stimulation and co-produced IFN-γ but not IL-17A. After 24 hours of culture stimulation with PTG, IL-21-producing cells increased but not the ones producing IL-17A. This increase was further enhanced by the addition of IL-15 to culture medium. CONCLUSIONS: In potential CD, IL-21 is less expressed than in active CD; however, IL-21-producing cells are present and prone to respond after specific stimuli. This suggests a key role of IL-21 in the progression of mucosal damage in CD.

In the Intestinal Mucosa of Children With Potential Celiac Disease IL-21 and IL-17A are Less Expressed than in the Active Disease.

BORRELLI, MELISSA;GIANFRANI, CARMELA;LANIA, GIULIANA;AITORO, ROSITA;NANAYAKKARA, Merlin;ZANZI, DELIA;DISCEPOLO, VALENTINA;VITALE, SERENA;BARONE, MARIA VITTORIA;TRONCONE, RICCARDO;AURICCHIO, RENATA;MAGLIO, MARIANTONIA
2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Potential celiac disease (CD) patients are at an increased risk to developing CD as indicated by positive CD-associated serology. We investigated in duodenal mucosa of such patients the presence of both IL-21 and IL-17A and the role of gliadin peptides and IL-15 in their expression. METHODS: Duodenal biopsies from 76 active CD, 90 potential CD, and 58 control patients were analyzed for IL-21 and/or IL-17A production by quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and ELISA. The presence of IL-21 receptor was investigated by western blot. Potential CD duodenal fragments were cultured with gliadin peptides (PTG) and/or IL-15 and the expression/production of IL-21 and IL-17A assessed by quantitative real-time PCR and by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: In potential CD, IL-21 was lower than in active CD, in terms of RNA expression (P<0.01), density of lamina propria (LP) IL-21(+) cells (P<0.05), and protein secretion (P<0.05). Also, IL-21R was weakly detectable in potential CD. Several LP cell types produced IL-21 in CD. In potential CD, CD4(+)IL-21(+) cells increased after PMA-ionomycin stimulation and co-produced IFN-γ but not IL-17A. After 24 hours of culture stimulation with PTG, IL-21-producing cells increased but not the ones producing IL-17A. This increase was further enhanced by the addition of IL-15 to culture medium. CONCLUSIONS: In potential CD, IL-21 is less expressed than in active CD; however, IL-21-producing cells are present and prone to respond after specific stimuli. This suggests a key role of IL-21 in the progression of mucosal damage in CD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/634904
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